||Anti-Zionist broadsheet reproduced from Or le-Sharim by R. Shalom Dov Ber of Lubavitch. It begins that even if these individuals (Zionists) were complete with the Lord they would still have to be criticized. Among its paragraphs are that it (Zionism) lengthens the exile, it is not the good that we desire, and that we must accept the yoke of the exile. The broadside was produced by followers of the Neturi Karte to challenge the Lubavitch Rebbe, R. Menahem M. Schneerson, who had friendly relations with the Zionist regime.
R. Sholom Dovber Schneersohn (1860-1920) was the fifth Rebbe (spiritual leader) of the Chabad Lubavitch chasidic movement. He is also known as "The Rebbe nishmosei eiden" (whose soul is in Eden) and as "the Rebbe Rashab" (for Reb Sholom Ber). His teachings represent the emergence of an emphasis on outreach that later Rebbes would develop into a major theme. He was born in Lubavitch, on 20 Cheshvan 1860, the second son of R. Shmuel Schneersohn, the fourth Chabad Rebbe. In 1882, when his father died, he was not quite 22 years old, and his oldest brother Zalman Aharon was not much older. A period followed, during which both brothers fulfilled some of the tasks of a rebbe, but neither felt ready to take on the title and responsibilities. Over this period the Rashab gradually took on more responsibilities, particularly in dealing with the impact of the May Laws, and on Rosh Hashanah, 1892 he accepted the leadership of the Lubavitch movement. The Rebbe Rashab established the first Chabad yeshiva, Tomchei Temimim, in 1897. In 1911 he established another yeshivah, Toras Emes, in Israel, and in 1916 he established a yeshivah in Georgia. He maintained a lengthy correspondence, not only with Chabad Chasidim in other countries, but also with non-Chabad chasidim and members of other groups who wrote to him for advice. He also met with other Jewish and hasidic leaders, working with them on issues such as education, unity, policy, and strategy. He was held in very high esteem by the Chofetz Chaim, so much so that the Chofetz Chaim declared of him, "the words of the [Lubavitcher] Rebbe are holy, and anyone who argues disagrees with him [should know that] it is as if he is disagreeing with Moses." R. Schneersohn promoted Jewish agricultural settlement, and the creation of employment for Jews, particularly those displaced by the May Laws. He was a prominent opponent of Zionism, as evidenced by this broadsheet, both in its secular and religious versions, and a staunch ally of Reb Chaim Brisker. Together with Reb Chaim he joined and supported Machazikei Hadas - a union of Eastern European haredim and the forerunner of the Agudah - but in 1912, when the Agudah was formed in Katowice, Reb Chaim raised 18 objections to its constitution, and the Rashab kept Lubavitch out of the Agudah.