Es Dat o Fuego Legal, R. David b. Pinehas Nieto, London 1715 (45545)

אש דת - First Edition - Marranos - anti-Shabbatean

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 45545
Title (English): Es Dat o Fuego Legal
Title (Hebrew): אש דת
Note: First Edition - First Edition - Marranos - anti-Shabbatean
Publisher: Thomas Olive
Publication Date: 1715
Estimated Price: $2,000.00 USD - $5,000.00 USD
Content/listingImages/20180218/c2912e32-eafb-4582-beb3-5748f2338e2e_fullsize.jpg Content/listingImages/20180218/1446828f-1e9d-4e4b-bc75-4d85167dab81_fullsize.jpg Content/listingImages/20180218/afaaf2bc-450d-4756-8b26-a4bcf10cb974_fullsize.jpg Content/listingImages/20180218/331b327d-befa-4e31-83eb-e90d057e829c_fullsize.jpg Content/listingImages/20180218/202b4c7e-750d-43b9-a0fa-0b88194393ec_fullsize.jpg


Physical Description

First edition. [1], 38 ff. [1 blank]: XII, 169., octavo, 170:111 mm., usual age and damp staining, wide margins. A very good copy bound in later boards.


Detail Description

Anti-Shabbatean polemic aimed at the Spanish and Portuguese Jewish commuinites in London by R. David b. Pinehas Nieto (1654–1728), philosopher and haham of the Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue in London (1701–28). Having studied medicine at the University of Padua, Nieto functioned as dayyan, preacher, and physician in Leghorn before going to London. He was proficient in languages and an astronomer of some repute. His calendar (1717) served the London community until the 19th century as a guide for the Sabbath and festivals. His works indicate that he was fully aware of the religious currents and crosscurrents of his time, including Spinozism, Deism, and Shabbateanism. Esh Dat (1715) was directed against the Shabbatean heresiarch, Nehemiah Hiyya Hayon, Previously, Nieto had published Pascalogia (1702), dealing with the date of the Christian Easter in relation to that of the Jewish Passover, and De La Divina Providencia (1704). The latter was an elaboration of a sermon Nieto had delivered to combat the deistic notion of a "Nature" apart from God. Nieto identified Nature with God; and, although he made it clear that he had natura naturans, and not natura naturata (see Spinoza) in mind, he was accused of Spinozistic leanings. Nevertheless, "Hakham Zevi" Ashkenazi (cf. his responsum no. 18) ruled in his favor. Nieto's Reply to the Archbishop of Cranganor, published posthumously in 1729, controverts the christological interpretation of the Bible. In his writings, Nieto gives evidence of wide reading in science and the humanities. He argues for the compatability of Judaism and scientific investigations. Nieto is also one of the very few Jewish theologians who used the argument de consensu gentium to establish the dogmas of God's existence and of retribution.

Title ...Compuesto en ydioma Hebraico y traduzido en Romance. Por David Nieto...


Hebrew Description

... יוצא בזיקוקין דנור... מפי ד"ן [דוד ניטו] ויצת אש בספרי נחמיה חייא חיון (ספר... עוז לאלהים [ברלין תע"ג]... רזא דיחודא [ויניציאה תע"א]) עובר ועוכר ועוקר עיקרי תורתנו..

כולל שני וויכוחים בין דן ונפתלי. וויכוח ראשון על נחמיה חיון וספריו. וויכוח שני על הקבלה.



CD-NLI 0179326; EJ; I. Solomons, David Nieto and Some of his Contemporaries (1931); A. M. Hyamson, Sephardim of England (1950), index; J. J. Petuchowski, Theology of Haham David Nieto (1954; 19702); D. Nieto, Ha-Kuzari ha-Sheni (1958), introd. by J. L. Maimon, 5–20, biography by C. Roth, 261–75.