Shever Poshim, R. Moses Hagiz, London 1714 (45711)

שבר פושעים - Only Edition - Marranos - anti-Shabbatean

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 45711
Title (English): Shever Poshim
Title (Hebrew): שבר פושעים
Note: Only Edition - Marranos - anti-Shabbatean
Author: R. Moses Hagiz
City: London
Publication Date: 1714
Estimated Price: $3,000.00 USD - $6,000.00 USD
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Description

Physical Description

 First edition. [1], 59 ff., quarto, 185:152 mm., usual age staining, nice margins. A very good copy bound in contemporary boards, rubbed and spine taped.

 

Detail Description

Polemic against the Shabbatean Nehemiah Hayon by R. Moses ben Jacob Hagiz, (1672–?1751), scholar and kabbalist, was among the leading opponents of Shabbateanism in the eighteenth century. Born in Jerusalem, he studied with his grandfather, R. Moses Galante. R. Hagiz visited Egypt and then Italy, where in 1704 he published his father’s Halakhot Ketannot. He traveled by way of Prague to Amsterdam where he made contact with R. Zevi Hirsch Ashkenazi, then rabbi of the Ashkenazi community, and collaborated with him in an energetic struggle against Shabbateanism and its secret adherents. When in 1713 Ashkenazi and Moses refused to retract the excommunication of the Shabbatean Nehemiah Hayon, a fierce quarrel broke out between them and the elders of the Portuguese community. In 1714 when R. Ashkenazi resigned his rabbinical office and left Amsterdam, R. Hagiz was compelled to leave with him. He went first to London with Ashkenazi, there continuing the fight against Hayon and his allies, and then to Altona, home of R. Jacob Emden, R. Ashkenazi’s son, where he resumed the struggle against Shabbateanism. Among those R. Hagiz attacked are Michael Abraham Cardoso and even R. Jonathan Eybeschuetz, and he took the offensive against R. Moses Hayyim Luzzatto, inducing the rabbis of Venice to excommunicate him. In 1738 R. Hagiz returned to Erez Israel and settled in Safed. He died in Beirut and was taken to Sidon for burial. R. Hagiz’s other works include Leket ha-Kemah, novellae on the Shulhan Arukh, O. H. and Y. D. (Amsterdam, 1697), and E. ha-E. (Hamburg, 1711); the ethical treaties Zerror ha-Hayyim and Mishnat Hakhamim (ibid., 1728–31 and 1733 respectively); Elleh ha-Mitzvot (Amsterdam, 1713), on the numeration of precepts in Maimonides’ Sefer ha-Mitzvot, on the Oral Law, and on Kabbalah; Sefat Emet (Amsterdam, 1697); and Parashat Elleh Masei (Altona, 1738), on the sanctity of the land of Israel.

Title gives Amsterdam as place of prining in error on purpose.

 

Hebrew Description:

... הני תלתא דפורענותא, [נחמיה] חיון, [אברהם מיכאל] קארדוזו, [שלמה] אאיליון ... אשר מאסו את תורת ה' ... בסוד עמו לא יהיו ובכתב בית ישראל לא יכתבו ... (אני הוא המדבר ... משה חאגיז) ...

שנת ה'כ'ל' ב'כ'ת'ב' מיד ה' עלי השכיל לפ"ג

ראינו טופס שבו נדפס בשער: באמשטלרדם.
דף [55-44]: מכתבי המלצה מרבני קהילות שונות שניתנו לר' משה חאגיז, רובם אושרו בידי ר' שלמה אאיליון ובית דינו. המכתב האחרון הוא של ר' שלמה אאיליון ובית דינו, משנת תס"ט, שנשלח לליוורנו, ואף הוא ממליץ בעדו ודוחה את דברי המערערים עליו ועל ספריו.
עיין: מנחם פרידמן, אגרות בפרשת פולמוס נחמיה חייא חיון - ספונות, י, תשכ"ו, עמ' תפה, הערה 1.
בטופס של המוזיאום הבריטי [56] דף.

 

Bibliography:

Carlebach Pursuit of Heresy; EJ;  CD-EPI 0132822; Vinograd, London 26; Yudlov, Ginzei 1704