Milhamah la'H', R. Moses Hagiz, Amsterdam [i.e.London] 1714 (45773)

מלחמה לה' - Only Edition - Marranos - anti-Shabbatean

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 45773
Title (English): Milhamah la'H'
Title (Hebrew): מלחמה לה'
Note: Only Edition - Marranos - anti-Shabbatean
Author: R. Moses Hagiz
City: Amsterdam [i.e.London]
Publication Date: 1714
Estimated Price: $3,000.00 USD - $6,000.00 USD
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Description

Physical Description

 First edition. [1], 51 ff., octavo, 160:98mm., usual age staining, nice margins. A very good copy bound in contemporary boards, rubbed and front panel detached.

 

Detail Description

Polemic against the Shabbatean Nehemiah Hayon by R. Moses ben Jacob Hagiz, (1672–?1751), scholar and kabbalist, was among the leading opponents of Shabbateanism in the eighteenth century. Born in Jerusalem, he studied with his grandfather, R. Moses Galante. R. Hagiz visited Egypt and then Italy, where in 1704 he published his father’s Halakhot Ketannot. He traveled by way of Prague to Amsterdam where he made contact with R. Zevi Hirsch Ashkenazi, then rabbi of the Ashkenazi community, and collaborated with him in an energetic struggle against Shabbateanism and its secret adherents. When in 1713 Ashkenazi and Moses refused to retract the excommunication of the Shabbatean Nehemiah Hayon, a fierce quarrel broke out between them and the elders of the Portuguese community. In 1714 when R. Ashkenazi resigned his rabbinical office and left Amsterdam, R. Hagiz was compelled to leave with him. He went first to London with Ashkenazi, there continuing the fight against Hayon and his allies, and then to Altona, home of R. Jacob Emden, R. Ashkenazi’s son, where he resumed the struggle against Shabbateanism. Among those R. Hagiz attacked are Michael Abraham Cardoso and even R. Jonathan Eybeschuetz, and he took the offensive against R. Moses Hayyim Luzzatto, inducing the rabbis of Venice to excommunicate him. In 1738 R. Hagiz returned to Erez Israel and settled in Safed. He died in Beirut and was taken to Sidon for burial. R. Hagiz’s other works include Leket ha-Kemah, novellae on the Shulhan Arukh, O. H. and Y. D. (Amsterdam, 1697), and E. ha-E. (Hamburg, 1711); the ethical treaties Zerror ha-Hayyim and Mishnat Hakhamim (ibid., 1728–31 and 1733 respectively); Elleh ha-Mitzvot (Amsterdam, 1713), on the numeration of precepts in Maimonides’ Sefer ha-Mitzvot, on the Oral Law, and on Kabbalah; Sefat Emet (Amsterdam, 1697); and Parashat Elleh Masei (Altona, 1738), on the sanctity of the land of Israel.

Title gives Amsterdam as place of prining in error on purpose.

 

Hebrew Description:

... כי איש צר ואויב אשר נשא ידו במלך מלכו של עולם ... וברית תורת משה הפר ... חייא חיון בישא שמו ימח ... תנו אותו ואת הבליעל שכמותו שהסכים לדבריו [ר' שלמה ב"ר יעקב אאיליון] לאלה ולקללה ...

הספר נדפס בלונדון ולא באמשטרדם.
כולל מכתבים וחרמות על נחמיה חיון והנוהים אחריו מרבנים שונים.
ליקטם והוסיף עליהם ר' משה חאגיז.
דף כו,ב-מא,ב: "שבילי האמת באמונתו". כתב-פולמוס נגד ר' צבי אשכנזי ור' משה חאגיז והגנה על נחמיה חיון וספרו עוז לאלהים, מאת ר' שלמה ב"ר יעקב אאיליון, רבה של אמשטרדם, וחתומים עמו פרנסי הקהילה ר' שלמה אברבנאל סויזא, ר' דוד ן' עטר, ר' שלמה די מיזה רופא, ר' שמואל ב"ר אהרן צרפתי, ר' דוד מינדיש דה סילוה ור' דוד ישראל עטיאס. הכתב מחולק לעשרים סעיפים, ואחר כל סעיף דברי ר' משה חאגיז המשיב וסותר את דבריהם.

 

Bibliography:

Carlebach Pursuit of Heresy; EJ;  CD-EPI 0132808; Vinograd, Amsterdam 1022(error); Yudlov, Ginzei 1703