Turei Zahav, R. David b. Samuel Halevi, Berlin 1766 (46263)

טורי זהב על ח"מ - First Edition

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 46263
Title (English): Turei Zahav
Title (Hebrew): טורי זהב על ח"מ
Note: First Edition
Author: R. David b. Samuel Halevi
City: Berlin
Publisher: דפוס איצק שפייאר
Publication Date: 1766
Estimated Price: $500.00 USD - $1,000.00 USD
Content/listingImages/20180712/9d33211a-8764-470b-8fb8-93fdeefe8ae1_fullsize.jpg Content/listingImages/20180712/6f870508-5f82-401d-b8dd-b1c9322a4f11_fullsize.jpg


Physical Description

First edition of commentary to Ch. 246 -427, [1], 129 ff., quarto, 214:170 mm., usual age staining, old hands on title, nice margins. A good copy bound in modern quarter leather and cloth over boards.


Detail Description

Commentary on the Shulhan Arukh, Hoshen Mispat. The works of the Taz greatly influenced practical halakhic rulings during the succeeding generations. He is credited with halakhic contributions toward a synthesis of economic practice with the laws of the Torah. His rulings occasionally reflect a practical flexibility in the face of social and economic reality.

R. David b. Samuel Halevi (known as the Taz from the initial letters of his work, Turei Zahav; 1586–1667), rabbi and halakhic authority. Born in Vladimir-Volynski (Lodomeria), Ukraine, he studied under his eldest brother, R. Isaac ha-Levi, and married the daughter of R. Joel Sirkes. After his marriage he remained for some time in the house of his father-in-law and studied in his yeshivah. He established his own bet midrash in Cracow. He regarded the premature death of his children there as a punishment for establishing his home on top of the synagogue. David was appointed rabbi of Putalicze near Rawa (Galicia) in about 1618, and for 20 years served as rabbi of Posen. About 1641 he was appointed rabbi of Ostrog in Volhynia, where he maintained a yeshivah. During the Chmielnicki pogroms (1648–49) he escaped to the fortress of Ulick. In the selihot (published in Yalkut Menahem of Menahem Mendel Biber, 1903), which he composed for the 26th of Sivan, he describes the miraculous escape of the Jews who gathered there for protection. He then went to Lublin, and finally, like many Polish scholars, wandered westward. He was consulted on halakhic problems in all the Moravian communities to which he came. When calm was partially restored in Poland he returned there, and in 1654 was appointed rabbi of Lemberg to the community "outside the city." He participated in the meetings of the Council of the Four Lands and his signature appears on many of the rulings and resolutions issued by that body. His two sons, Mordecai and Solomon, were killed in the pogroms against the Jews of Lvov which broke out on May 3, 1664. R. David passed on in Lvov.


Hebrew Description

על ח"מ ... ונדפס עד סימן רמו [המבורג תנ"ב], וכהיו' העיר ה' את לב התורני ר' יאקב במהורר (מנחם) מנדלי יצ"ו מהמבורג להדפיסו מחדש בתוספת נופך, מסימן רמו עד גמירא ...

דף א: הקדמה מאת ר' שמואל זנוויל ב"ר אברהם צבי הירש מליסא ולע"ע בק"ק שטרעליץ.
כותב בין השאר: "הספר ערך לחם מה שחיבר הגאון הנ"ל (ר' דוד סג"ל) על ח"מ מסי' רמו ואילך עד גמירא והי' כתוב בכ"י של חתן בנו של המחבר ... מהו' משה בן ... ר' איצק שפרינצעס מקרעמניץ שהי' אב"ד בק"ק שינאווי .. והי' בדעת א"א ... להדפיס הש"ע ח"מ ולשים בצד א' חיבור הט"ז הנ"ל ... ובצד השני חיבור ... ש"ך ... ולהוסיף נופך משלו חדושיו אשר חידש על הח"מ. והדפיס עלה א' ... ושלח אל ... גאוני ארץ .. ונתנו עדיהן ... בהסכמות ... אך ... שלא עלתה בידו להדפיס ... שהלך לעולמו ... שנת ת"ק ... וכהיו' ... ר' יאקב ... מהמבורג ... טרח ויגע להביא אל מזבח הדפוס".

עד סי' רמו (דף ב-צב) נדפס דף על דף על-פי [המבורג] תנ"ב.

הסכמות: ר' יחיאל מיכל [חסיד] ב"ר יהודא ליב [דרשן], ברלין, כג אדר תע"ו;
ר' יהונתן ב"ר נטע [אייבשיץ], אה"ו, כח כסליו תקט"ו;
בי דינא רבא בק"ק בערלין: ר' אהרן ב"ר משה מגזע צבי [מאזעסזאהן], ר' יואל ב"ר יקותיאל [זק"ש] מגלוגא, ר' ירמי' מהלברשטאט , ר' גרשון ב"ר אלי' דמתקרי' גרשון אונגר ור' זנוויל נייאגס , ה אלול תקכ"ה.



CD-NLI 0125252; BE tet 98; EJ; Y.M. Zunz, Ir ha-Zedek (1874), 151–3; Fuenn, Keneset, 239; H. N. Dembitzer, Kelilat Yofi, 1 (1887, repr. 1960), 48–77; S. Buber, Anshei Shem (1895), 56–59; M. M. Biber, Mazkeret li-Gedolei Ostraha (1907), 53–58; S. M. Chones, Toledot ha-Posekim (1910), 266–70; Halpern, Pinkas, (1945), index; H. Tchernowitz, Toledot ha-Posekim, 3 (1947), 139–41; Szulwas, in: I. Halprin (ed.), Beit Yisra'el be-Polin, 2 (1953), 20–21