Ammudei Shesh, R. Ephraim Solomon Luntshit, Amsterdam 1773 (46737)

עמודי שש

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 46737
Title (English): Ammudei Shesh
Title (Hebrew): עמודי שש
Author: R. Ephraim Solomon Luntshit
City: Amsterdam
Publication Date: 1773
Estimated Price: $200.00 USD - $500.00 USD
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Description

Physical Description

[5], 24 ff., quarto, 245:205 mm., usual light age and damp staining, wide margins, old hands. A very good copy bound in contemporary half marbled paper over boards, rubbed and spine taped.

 

Detail Description

The Leiden 1772 edition except for the new 5 page intro.

Discourses in ethics by R. Ephraim Solomon b. Aaron Luntshits (Leczyca; 1550–1619), rabbi and renowned preacher. He was known as "Ephraim of Luntshits," the popular pronunciation of Leczyca among Polish Jews. The name "Solomon" was added some time after 1601. In his youth Ephraim was sent to study in the yeshivah of R. Solomon Luria. At an early age he had already gained a reputation as a preacher, in which capacity he traveled to Lublin, Lemberg, Jaroslaw, and other towns. It is not known whether he ever held a regular communal post before he became head of a yeshiva in Lemberg when he was already past fifty. In 1604, he arrived in Prague where he served as president of the rabbinical court and head of the yeshiva, but relinquished his rabbinical post in the last year of his life. As a preacher he was distinguished for his lucid and fascinating sermons. He addressed the heads of the Council of Four Lands when they met in Lublin and was apparently on friendly terms with the leaders of that council on whose recommendation he was appointed rosh yeshivah in Lemberg. R. Ephraim's sermons shed much light on the religious and communal life of the Polish-Jewish community of his time. He railed against the wealthy members of the congregation whose passion for money and luxury caused them to withhold assistance from their needy brethren and he criticized their pretensions to spiritual and religious status on the basis of their commercial success. He said that wealth corrupts and destroys the character of men when they do not appreciate its purpose. At the same time, he complained about the poor who wished to enjoy the charity of the rich without making any effort to provide for their needs. In addition, he attacked certain casuistic methods of talmudic study (pilpul) which often neglected the truth, and the desire for personal aggrandizement among communal leaders. R. Ephraim's sermons were collected and published in various books: Ir Gibborim (Basle, 1580); Olelot Efrayim (Lublin, 1590); Orah le-Hayyim (ibid., 1595); Keli Yakar (ibid., 1602), commentary on the Pentateuch in homiletic style that was subsequently included in various editions of the rabbinical Bible (Mikra'ot Gedolot); Siftei Da'at (Prague, 1610); Ammudei Shesh (ibid., 1617); Petihot u-She'arim (Zolkiew, 1799). He also compiled a book of sermons entitled Rivevot Efrayim, which is occasionally mentioned in his other works. He composed three Selihot in connection with the invasion of Prague in 1611 by the army of the bishop of Passau.

 

Hebrew Description

... נדפס שנית [!]... בתוספות... מפתח... ונקרא שמו אדני פז האדנים לעמודים... כל אלה חוברו יחדיו ע"י חד מרבנן... בתוספת ניפך [!] משלו... ר' יצחק איצק קעזיר בהר"ר אברהם ז"ל... בשנת ת'ו'ך' א'מ'ו'נ'י' עם סגולה

היא-היא ההוצאה שהדפיס ליב זוסמנש בליידן שנה קודם לכן, אלא שר' יצחק איצק קעזיר הוסיף עליה [4] דף (עם שער חדש) בראשו ו"הקים את עמודיו", כדברי ר' שאול בהסכמתו: "לפי רוב השנים שעברו משעה שנדפס בראשונה... לא ידע איש ערכו... לולי שנתחדש אורו בימים לא כביר ונדפס שנית בארץ הזאת, אך לא נראה בעליל על פני חוצות וגם הוא כמו ספר החתום... הנה... ר' יצחק איצק ... קעזיר... נדבה רוחו... להקים את עמודיו... עם מפתח חדש שהדפיס... ועוד הוסף עליו... מילי מעליותא". ועיין למעלה. בראש הספר הביא ר' יצחק איצק קעזיר גם "דברי נועם אשר שמעתי מפי... ר' שאול נ"י אב"ד דקהלתינו".

 

References

CD-NLI 0170573; EJ; H. H. Ben-Sasson, Hagut ve-Hanhagah (1959), 263, index; idem, in: Zion, 19 (1954), 142–66; H. R. Rabinowitz, Deyokena'ot shel Darshanim (1967), 137–49