Hiddushei Niddah; Keter Shem Tov, Altona; Amsterdam 1737; 1810 (46743)

חדושי נדה להרשב"א זלה"ה; כתר שם טוב - First Edition - Kabbalah

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 46743
Title (English): Hiddushei Niddah; Keter Shem Tov
Title (Hebrew): חדושי נדה להרשב"א זלה"ה; כתר שם טוב
Note: First Edition - Kabbalah
Author: R. Solomon ibn Aderet (Rashba); R. Abraham (Axelrad) of Cologne
City: Altona; Amsterdam
Publisher: דפוס אהרן כ"ץ, David Proops
Publication Date: 1737; 1810
Estimated Price: $500.00 USD - $1,000.00 USD
Content/listingImages/20181123/31185ea1-ba09-4876-8dd4-a8099be4e3d5_fullsize.jpg Content/listingImages/20181123/29c8836e-ada6-470b-b6b6-4d319c4de483_fullsize.jpg


Physical Description:

16, 18-25; 5, 7 ff., , quarto, 190:150 mm., nice margins, light age and damp staining, old stamps of previous owners. Very good copies bound in later boards, rubbed.


Detailed Description:   

Hiddushei Niddah by R. Solomon b. Abraham ibn Adret (1235-1310) one of the preeminent talmudists and halakhic authorities in medieval Spain. Born to a distinguished family in Barcelona, Adret was a student of R. Jonah Gerondi (Rabbenu Yonah) and R. Moses ben Nahman (Ramban). He served as rabbi of Barcelona for forty years, achieving such recognition and respect that he was acknowledged as El Rab d’Espana (rabbi of Spain). His yeshivah attracted students from afar; many of whom became prominent rabbis and scholars. Regarded as fair and incorruptible, renowned for his humility, Adret was turned to by all strata of society, from an orphan, for whom he was the guardian, against powerful state officials, to Pedro III of Aragon, who requested Adret adjudicate entangled cases between Jewish communities. In the dispute over studying philosophy, Adret defended Maimonides, but placed serious restrictions on the study of science and philosophy.

Bound with:

Keter Shem Tov

First edition of this kabbalistic commentary on the divine name (Tetragrammaton) by R. Abraham ben Alexander (Axelrad) of Cologne. In Keter Shem Tov the author attempts to achieve a synthesis between the mysticism of the Jewish pietists (Ḥasidim) in Germany based on combinations of letters and numbers, and the Kabbalah of the Sefirot (with which he had become acquainted in Provence or in Spain). His text is composed of a short summary of his system and represents a kind of cosmological symbolism that relies on the conclusion provided by R. Abraham Ibn Ezra in his Sefer ha-Shem, as well as on the statements of the kabbalists R. Ezra and R. Azriel.

R. Abraham ben Alexander (Axelrad) of Cologne (13th century), a kabbalist, was a disciple of R. Eleazar b. Judah of Worms, he immigrated to Spain where he probably studied with the kabbalist R. Ezra. R. Solomon ben Abraham Adret knew him personally in his youth, and tells of his extraordinary oratorical gifts, and the interesting material in his sermons (Responsa no. 548). Althought Keter Shem Tov, which is extant in numerous manuscripts, was first published independently in Amsterdam in 1810, it also appeared under the title Ma'amar Peloni Almoni in the collection of writings Likkutim me-Rav Hai Gaon (1798). A new edition was published by Jellinek (1853). In R.Samson ben Eliezer's work Barukh she-Amar (1795), Keter Shem Tov is attributed to R. Menahem Ashkenazi, another disciple of R. Eleazar of Worms. Benjacob is wrong in stating that there is another work entitled Keter Shem Tov by Abraham consisting of a mystic commentary to Psalms, Joshua, and Judges. The actual date of publication is unclear, some bibliographies dating it 1812 or 1815.

R. Solomon ben Adret relates (Teshuvah, i. No. 548) that he saw Abraham when he came to the king of Castile, probably Ferdinand II. (the Saint). On this occasion Abraham assumed the name of Nathan to conceal his identity. R. Adret also claims to have heard from an old man that R. Abraham of Cologne preached on Num. vii. 1, in the house of R. Adret’s father before a great many eminent rabbis, and displayed much erudition.


Hebrew Description:

חדושי נדה להרשב"א זלה"ה... הביאו לבית הדפוס ... ר' יוזפא בן המנוח מוהר"ר יונה סג"ל דיין עם ... אהרן בן כ' אלי' כ"ץ ז"ל מדפיס מק"ק אלטונא ...

כתר שם טוב : אחד משלשה ספרים ... כתיבת יד ... [פירוש שם המפורש בקבלה, עפ"י בעל סדר הדורות].

בן-יעקב רושם בטעות: תקי"ז. ביבליוגראפים אחרים רושמים: תק"ע.
עיין על הספר ועל מחברו: גרשם שלום, אשכול, אנציקלופדיה ישראלית, א, ברלין (תרפ"ט), עמ' 357; כתבי-יד בקבלה, ירושלם תר"ץ, עמ' 57.

הסכמות רבני אמשטרדם: ר' יעקב משה ב"ר שאול [לעווענשטאם], כב מרחשוון תק"ע;
ר' שמואל, כא מרחשון תקע"ו;
ר' דניאל ב"ר דוד הכהן די אזיוידו, ט אדר-שני תק"ע.



CD-NLI 0105652; 0106760