Siddur Tefillah ןim Derekh ha-Hayyim, R. Jacob Lorberbaum, Vienna 1839 (46769)

סדר תפלה עם דרך החיים - Liturgy - First edition of R. Ganzfried notes

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 46769
Title (English): Siddur Tefillah im Derekh ha-Hayyim
Title (Hebrew): סדר תפלת עם דרך החיים
Note: Liturgy - First edition of R. Ganzfried notes
Author: R. Jacob Lorberbaum of Lissa; R. Solomon Ganzfried
City: Vienna
Publisher: Franz v. Schmid und J. J. Busch
Publication Date: 1839
Estimated Price: $300.00 USD - $600.00 USD
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Physical Description   

First edition of Ganzfried notes., [4], 397, [5] ff., octavo, 205:135 mm.,  heavy age and damp staining, nice margins. Psalms and selihot not present in this copy. A good copy loose in later boards, rubbed and split.


Detailed Description
Year round prayerbook, following the rite of Ashkenaz, with extensive commentary by R. Jacob b. Jacob Moses Lorberbaum of Lissa (c. 1760–1832), Polish rabbi and halakhist. His father, the rabbi of Zborow, died before Lorberbaum was born and his relative, R. Joseph Te'omim, brought him up. After his marriage he settled in Stanislav and engaged in business, but devoted most of his time to study. He frequently attended the lectures of R. Meshullam Igra. When after a few years his business failed, he accepted the rabbinate of Monasterzyska where he founded a yeshivah. He was later appointed rabbi of Kalisz where he wrote most of his books and with exceptional humility published anonymously his work on parts of Shulhan Arukh, Yoreh De'ah: Havvat Da'at, a name by which he himself became known in scholarly circles when his authorship came to light. This work was accepted in the rabbinic world as a compendium of practical halakhah, and won him the reputation of an outstanding posek. In 1809 he was invited to become rabbi of Lissa, long a center of Torah in Poland. R. Lorbeerbaum enlarged the yeshivah, to which hundreds of students streamed, among them many who later became great scholars and pioneers of the Hibbat Zion movement such as R. Elijah Gutmacher, R. Zevi Hirsch Kalischer, and R. Shraga Feivel Danziger. Many of R. Jacob's contemporaries turned to him with their problems. During his time the war between the reformers and the rabbis flared up, and R. Lorbeerbaum, together with R. Akiva Eger and R. Moses Sofer, unleashed a vehement attack against the maskilim and the reformers. In Lissa, however, as in other towns of Great Poland that came under Prussian rule after the partition of Poland, the influence of the Berlin reformers grew continually stronger. The schism between R. Lorbeerbaum and a large section of the community eventually became so great that in 1822 he decided to leave Lissa and return to Kalisz. There he devoted his time to study, rejecting all offers of rabbinic posts from large and ancient communities such as Lublin. In 1830 he quarreled with a powerful member of the community who denounced him to the government, compelling him to leave Kalisz. On the way to Budapest, where he had been invited to become av bet din, he passed through the regional town of Stryj and was persuaded to remain there.

The following of his works have been published: Havvat Da'at (Lemberg, 1799); Ma'aseh Nissim (Zolkiew, 1801), on the Passover Haggadah; Mekor Hayyim (ibid., 1807), novellae and expositions of the laws of Passover in the Shulhan Arukh together with the glosses of R. David b. Samuel ha-Levi and R. Abraham Abele Gombiner on the Orah Hayyim and novellae to tractate Keritot; Netivot ha-Mishpat (ibid., 1809–16), on Hoshen Mishpat; Torat Gittin (Frankfort on the Oder, 1813), the laws of divorce and novellae on tractate Gittin; Beit Ya'akov (Hrubieszow, 1823), expositions on Even ha-Ezer; Kehillat Ya'akov (1831), on Even ha-Ezer and some sections of Orah Hayyim; Derekh ha-Hayyim, an anthology of liturgical laws for the whole year, first published with the prayer book (1828) and then separately (1860 or 1870); Nahalat Ya'akov (1849), expositions of the Pentateuch; Emet le-Ya'akov (1865), expositions of talmudic aggadot; Imrei Yosher, commentaries on the five megillot, each published at a different place and time; his ethical will (1875) and Millei de-Aggadeta (1904), sermons and response.

First edition of commentary by R. Solomon b. Joseph Ganzfried (1804–1886). He was born in Ungvar, Hungary, where he also passed on. Orphaned in his childhood, he was brought up in the house of the local rabbi R. Zevi Hirsch Heller, one of the outstanding scholars of his time. From 1830 to 1849 R. Ganzfried served as rabbi of Brezewicz and subsequently as head of the bet din of Ungvar. He was one of the chief speakers for orthodox Jewry at the Jewish congress which took place in Budapest in 1869. He also published a polemic against the Reform movement. His first published work, Keset-ha-Sofer (1835; 18712 with additions by the author), was on the laws of writing a Sefer Torah, and was highly recommended by R. Moses Sofer as a necessary textbook for scribes of Torah scrolls, tefillin, and mezuzot. R. Ganzfried's fame, however, rests mainly upon his Kizzur Shulhan Arukh ("Abridged Shulhan Arukh," 1864); it achieved great popularity and widespread circulation and was accepted as the main handbook for Ashkenazi Jewry. It encompassed all the laws relating to the mode of life of the ordinary Jew living outside Erez Israel (including such subjects as etiquette, hygiene, etc.), but omitting such details as were common knowledge and practice at that time (see his introduction to ch. 80) or that were not essential knowledge for the ordinary man (see especially the laws of matrimony, ch. 145). The Kizzur Shulhan Arukh is based upon the Shulhan Arukh of R. Joseph Caro with the glosses of R. Moses Isserles. It is written in simple, popular language, with a lively style, and interest is sustained by the ethical maxims with which it is interlaced. Unlike his predecessor R. Abraham Danzig, author of the Hayyei Adam, R. Ganzfried does not detail and explain the different views but usually gives his decision without the reasoning. The book had already achieved 14 editions during its author's lifetime, and since then it has gone through scores of editions, displacing all previous abridgments of the Shulhan Arukh. It also became a basic work to which many scholars added marginal notes and novellae. The important editions of the work are: Lublin, 1888, with the commentaries, "Pe'at ha-Shulhan" by the author himself, Ammudei ha-Shulhan by R. Benjamin Isaiah b. Jeroham Fishel ha-Kohen, and Misgeret Zahav, by R. Moses Israel; Leipzig, 1924, with source references (Mezudat Ziyyon), supplements (Mezudat David) and with illustrations, edited by D. Feldman; Jerusalem, 1940, a vocalized edition with the addition of the laws and customs applying in Erez Israel at the present day, edited by J. M. Tucazinsky, and one with the additions Misgeret ha-Shulhan and Lehem ha-Panim of Hayyim Isaiah ha-Kohen Halbersberg and a summary of those precepts connected with the land of Israel in accordance with the rulings of R. Abraham Isaiah Karelitz, edited by K. Kahana (Jerusalem, 1954).


Hebrew Description

 הוא אסיפת דינים השייכים לסדר התפלה. נלקטו ... ע"י הרב ... יעקב [לורברבוים] זצ"ל אב"ד ... ליססא ... ועתה הנה נספח אל סדר התפלה פירוש מלוקט ... ע"פ דרך הפשוט ... ועוד ניתוספו בו הרבה הגהות וחידושי דינים בתוך דרך החיים. גם קצת אמרי נועם ומוסר השכל והנהגות טובות במועדו ובזמנו ... ועוד הרבה תוספות על הראשונים. הכל מלוקט ומסודר מאת ... מו"ה שלמה בן ... מו"ה יוסף גאנצפריד זצ"ל מק"ק אונגוואר ... כעת תקע אהלו בק"ק הומנא ...

נוסח אשכנז, מנהג פולין.

אחרי ההקדמות נדפס שער חלקי: סדר עבודת ישראל עם דרך החיים.

עם פיוטי היוצרות והמערבות, סליחות לשני וחמישי ושני ולתעניות.

יא, [1] דף, עם שער חלקי: סליחות לשובבי"ם ת"ת כמנהג פיהם מעהרן ופולין ..

[1], סח דף, עם שער מיוחד: ספר תהלים ... חלקנוהו לשבעה גם לשלשים ... וגם מעמדות ... 1839.



 EJ; A. Posner and E. Freimann, in: L. Jung (ed.), Guardians of our Heritage (1958); CD-NLI 000322095