Me-She’elot u-Teshuvot ha-Geonim Batrai, Prague 1816 (47199)

משאלות ותשובת הגאונים בתראי - The R. Solomon Ganzfried copy

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 47199
Title (English): Me-She’elot u-Teshuvot ha-Geonim Batrai
Title (Hebrew): משאלות ותשובת הגאונים בתראי
Author: R. Yom Tov Lippman Heller; R. Joel Sirkes (Bach)
City: Prague
Publisher: Sommer
Publication Date: 1816
Estimated Price: $200.00 USD - $500.00 USD
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Description

Physical Description

[2], 72, [2] ff. octavo 203:163 mm., nice margins, usual light age and damp staining. A very good copy bound in later cloth over boards.

The R. Solomon Ganzfried copy with signaturen on title - R. Solomon b. Joseph Ganzfried (1804–1886). was born in Ungvar, Hungary, where he also passed on. Orphaned in his childhood, he was brought up in the house of the local rabbi R. Zevi Hirsch Heller, one of the outstanding scholars of his time. From 1830 to 1849 R. Ganzfried served as rabbi of Brezewicz and subsequently as head of the bet din of Ungvar. He was one of the chief speakers for orthodox Jewry at the Jewish congress which took place in Budapest in 1869. He also published a polemic against the Reform movement. His first published work, Keset-ha-Sofer (1835; 18712 with additions by the author), was on the laws of writing a Sefer Torah, and was highly recommended by R. Moses Sofer as a necessary textbook for scribes of Torah scrolls, tefillin, and mezuzot. R. Ganzfried's fame, however, rests mainly upon his Kizzur Shulhan Arukh ("Abridged Shulhan Arukh," 1864); it achieved great popularity and widespread circulation and was accepted as the main handbook for Ashkenazi Jewry. It encompassed all the laws relating to the mode of life of the ordinary Jew living outside Erez Israel (including such subjects as etiquette, hygiene, etc.), but omitting such details as were common knowledge and practice at that time (see his introduction to ch. 80) or that were not essential knowledge for the ordinary man (see especially the laws of matrimony, ch. 145). The Kizzur Shulhan Arukh is based upon the Shulhan Arukh of R. Joseph Caro with the glosses of R. Moses Isserles. It is written in simple, popular language, with a lively style, and interest is sustained by the ethical maxims with which it is interlaced. Unlike his predecessor R. Abraham Danzig, author of the Hayyei Adam, R. Ganzfried does not detail and explain the different views but usually gives his decision without the reasoning. The book had already achieved 14 editions during its author's lifetime, and since then it has gone through scores of editions, displacing all previous abridgments of the Shulhan Arukh. It also became a basic work to which many scholars added marginal notes and novellae. The important editions of the work are: Lublin, 1888, with the commentaries, "Pe'at ha-Shulhan" by the author himself, Ammudei ha-Shulhan by R. Benjamin Isaiah b. Jeroham Fishel ha-Kohen, and Misgeret Zahav, by R. Moses Israel; Leipzig, 1924, with source references (Mezudat Ziyyon), supplements (Mezudat David) and with illustrations, edited by D. Feldman; Jerusalem, 1940, a vocalized edition with the addition of the laws and customs applying in Erez Israel at the present day, edited by J. M. Tucazinsky, and one with the additions Misgeret ha-Shulhan and Lehem ha-Panim of Hayyim Isaiah ha-Kohen Halbersberg and a summary of those precepts connected with the land of Israel in accordance with the rulings of R. Abraham Isaiah Karelitz, edited by K. Kahana (Jerusalem, 1954).

 

Detail Description

An important collection of fifty-nine responsa from later prominent halakhic authorities. The title page describes them and the contents as the responsa of the well-known geonim, men of repute, who are “in the land of the living” (Isaiah 38:11, Psalms 142:6, Job 28:13) the gaon Tosefot Yom Tov [R. Yom Tov Lippman Heller], Bayit Hadash (R. Joel Sirkes (Bach)), and his son-in-law the Turei Zahav (David ben Samuel ha-Levi), Meginei Shelomo (R. Joshua Hoeschel ben Joseph, of Cracow), R. Heschel, and many other geonim. Me-She’elot u-Teshuvot ha-Geonim Batrai was brought to press by R. Abraham ben Aaron Aa’ish. The title page is in two parts, the upper the text describing the book, and below publication information including text in Germand and the approval of the censor, Carolus Fischer. There are approbations from R. Eliezer Falkish, R. Samuel ben Ezekiel Segal Landau, and R. David Deutsch, a list of those helped finance publication, and the responsa. At the end of the book is a discourse from R. David Deutsch.

 

Hebrew Description

חלק ראשון משאלות ותשובות הגאונים בתראי : המה הגאונים ... בעל תוספת י"ט ... ב"ח ... ט"ז ... בעל מגיני שלמה ... מהר"ר העשיל ...ועתה נדפס פעם שנית ע"י ... ר' אברהם בן ... מו"ה אהרן אויש זצללה"ה וזבד טוב ... חדושי תורה אשר לקחתי מיד ... ר' דוד דייטש נ"י אב"ד דק"ק עיר חדש במדינת הגר והצגתים בסוף הספר ...

[2] דף בסוף: בשם ... ר' דוד דייטש נר"ו. הסכמות: ר' אלעזר פלעקלש, פראג, ראש-חודש אלול תקע"ה; ר' שמואל ב"ר מהרר"י [יחזקאל] סג"ל לנדא, פראג, ראש-חודש אלול תקע"ה; ר' דוד דייטש, עיר חדש, מ"ם למבי' [כה אייר] תקע"ה.

 

References

CD-NLI 0168383