Ohelei Ya’akov, R. Jacob ben Abraham Castro, Livorno 1783 (47533)

אהלי יעקב - Only Edition

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 47533
Title (English): Ohelei Ya’akov
Title (Hebrew): אהלי יעקב
Note: Only Edition
Author: R. Jacob ben Abraham Castro
City: Livorno
Publisher: A. Y. Ḳaśṭilo, E. Saʻadun
Publication Date: 1783
Estimated Price: $300.00 USD - $600.00 USD
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Description

Physical Description

Only edition, octavo [10], 194 ff. 205:150 mm., wide margins, usual age and damp staining. A very good copy bound in contemporary boards, rubbed and split.

 

Detail Description

Only edition of these responsa on all four parts of the Shulhan Arukh by R. Jacob ben Abraham Castro.  The text of the title-page is comprised of five paragraphs all beginning and concluding with Ya’akov. There are several pages of approbations signed by numerous rabbis. At the end is a multi-page listing of the varied responsa in Ohelei Yq’qkov. In addition to their halakhic value Oholei Ya'akov is considered a most important source for the history of Egyptian Jewry.

R. Jacob ben Abraham Castro (known as Maharikas from the Hebrew initials of his name; 1525?–1610) was a halakhic authority and talmudic commentator. R. Castro was born in Egypt. According to D. Conforte, he was the grandson of R. Abraham Castro . In his youth he went to Jerusalem, where he studied under R. Levi b. Ḥabib , and R. David b. Solomon ibn Abi Zimra . R. Castro later became rabbi of the Mustaʿrabs in Cairo, a position he held until his death. In 1570 he visited Palestine, and was the guest of R. Joseph Caro in Safed. He maintained a regular correspondence concerning halakhic questions with such authorities as Caro and R. Moses di Trani . In addition to Oholei Ya'akov  he also wrote Erekh Leḥem (Constantinople, 1718), a collection of annotations on the Shulḥan Arukh similar to that of R. Moses Isserles . (R. Castro did not see R. Isserles' work although it was published during his lifetime, but they often reached the same conclusions.) The halakhic decisions set forth in Erekh Leḥem were accepted as binding by the rabbis of Palestine and Egypt. Castro's novellae on several tractates of Talmud were known to R. Ḥ.J.D. Azulai . Those on tractate Beẓah were published under the title Toledot Ya'akov (1865). Hilkhot Nezirut ("Laws of Naziriteship") and Mazkeret Gittin ("Memorandum on Divorce Bills") were printed at the end of the Halakhot Ketannot of R. Jacob Ḥagiz (Venice, 1704). The manuscript of Castro's collected sermons, Kol Ya'akov, has been lost.

 

References

Bibliography of the Hebrew Book #000303077; BE alef 837; EJ