Sefer haHinnukh, Venice 1523 (47884)

ספר החינוך - First Edition

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 47884
Title (English): Sefer haHinnukh
Title (Hebrew): ספר החינוך
Note: First Edition
City: Venice
Publisher: דפוס דניאל בומבירגי
Publication Date: 1523
Estimated Price: $2,000.00 USD - $5,000.00 USD
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Description

Physical Description:

First edition. [179] ff. quarto 230:175 mm., title, initial, ff in facsimile,  wide margins, age and damp staining, expertly restored. A good copy bound in modern leather over boards.

 

Detailed Description:   

An anonymous work on the 613 precepts in the order of their appearance in Scripture, giving their reasons and their laws in detail. The various attempts to identify the author have proved unsuccessful; the most widely held view is that he was R. Aaron b. Joseph ha-Levi of Barcelona, the identification being based on an obscure allusion in the introduction: "A Jew of the house of Levi of Barcelona." From certain references in the book (precept 400) it has been concluded that the author was a pupil of R. Solomon b. Abraham Adret. The first edition (Venice, 1523) gives "Rabbi Aaron" as the author. Elsewhere the name of the author is given as Baruch (R. David ibn Zimra, Mezudat David, precept 206). The book was compiled at the end of the 13th century. Some deduced the date of its composition from the date 1257 mentioned in precept 326 with reference to the sabbatical years, but the passage in question is taken from the novellae of R. Solomon b. Abraham Adret to Avodah Zarah 9a.

The book is mainly based on the Sefer ha-Mitzvot and the Mishneh Torah of Maimonides, at times whole sections being copied verbatim (precepts 173, 485). The author used Ibn Hasdai's Hebrew translation of the Sefer ha-Mitzvot. He also used the works of other authors, including those of Alfasi and chiefly of Adret and Nahmanides. The uniqueness of the work lies in the section dealing with the explanation of the principles of the precepts, especially "the simple description" (precept 98). His explanations are based on common sense. His style and presentation are clear and understandable befitting its educational aim for youth and ordinary people. Many editions of the work have appeared. The best known is that containing the commentary Minhat Hinnukh of R. Joseph Babad. Other well-known authors to devote compositions to it include R. Judah Rosanes and R. Isaiah Pick.

 

Hebrew Description:

 שחיבר הרב רבי אהרן זלה"ה...

ביאור על תרי"ג מצוות, ערוך לפי סדר הפרשיות. ‬

קולופון: "אודה את ה’ אשר יעצני וחזקני ואמצני והגיעני לתשלום הגהת הספר הזה... ונשלם היו’ יום ה יג לחדש תמוז שנת רפ"ג. הצעיר יעקב ב"ר חיים [אבן אדוניהו]". ‬

מחבר הספר אינו ידוע. גם לא ברור מי הוא ר’ אהרן שהמדפיסים מייחסים אליו את הספר. במהדורה הבאה, ויניציאה ש"ס, מיוחס הספר לר’ אהרן (ב"ר יוסף) הלוי מברצלונה (הרא"ה). יש המייחסים את הספר לר’ פינחס הלוי, אחיו של ר’ אהרן. ‬

עיין: ר’ יצחק אייזיק סאפרין, היכל הברכה (אוצר חיים), סוף פרשת בהר; י’ תא-שמע, מחברו האמיתי של ספר החינוך, קרית ספר, נה, תש"ם, עמ’ 787-791; הנ"ל, שנתון המשפט העברי, יח-יט, תשנ"ב-תשנ"ד, עמ’ 91 הערה 12; י"ש שפיגל, רבי פנחס הלוי ואזהרותיו, ספר זכרון לרבי יצחק נסים, ה, ירושלים תשמ"ה, עמ’ עא-עג; יוסף אברמסון, עוד אודות זהותו של מחבר ספר החינוך, המעין, מה, ד, תמוז תשס"ה, עמ’ 67-71; שם, מו, ד, תמוז תשס"ו, עמ’ 52. ‬

 

 

References

EJ; BE 682; Bibliography of the Hebrew Book 1470-1960 #000154813