Abraham Firkowitsch, Ein Gedenknlatt, Adolf Jellinek, Vienna 1875 (47932)

תקנות אב"ן רש"ף : לקהל הקראים בהאליץ במדינת גאליציא ... - Only Edition - Karaite

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 47932
Title (English): Abraham Firkowitsch, Ein Gedenknlatt
Title (Hebrew): תקנות אב"ן רש"ף : לקהל הקראים בהאליץ במדינת גאליציא ...
Note: Only Edition - Karaite
Author: Abraham Firkowitsch; Adolf Jellinek
City: Vienna
Publisher: Brueder Winter
Publication Date: 1875
Estimated Price: $300.00 USD - $600.00 USD
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Description

Physical Description

Only Edition, 15 pp., octavo, 206:127 mm., nice margins, age staining. A very good copy bound in the original paper title, rubbed.

 

 

 

Detail Description

Title:  : das Religiöse Oberhaupt der Karäer; ein Gedenkblatt

Abraham (Avraham) ben Samuel Firkovich (Hebrew אברהם בן שמואל - Avraham ben Shmuel - Avragham Firkovich) (1786–1874) was a famous Karaite writer and archeologist, collector of ancient manuscripts, and a Karaite Hakham. He was born in Lutsk, Volhynia, then lived in Lithuania, and finally settled in Çufut Qale, Crimea. Gabriel Firkovich of Troki was his son-in-law.

Abraham Firkovic was born into a Crimean Karaite farming family in the Lutsk district of Volhynia, then part of the Russian Empire, now Ukraine. At age 25 he went bankrupt. He then began to study Hebrew, Torah and other holy books. In 1818 he was appointed junior hazzan of the Lutsk Crimean Karaites community. Because of a dispute with the older hazzan he had to leave and emigrate to Evpatoria in Crimea, where he was appointed in 1823 to the hacham and the head of the local Crimean Karaites community. In 1825, he sent a letter to the Czar, that proposed to settle the Jewish population from the border of Russia and bring the Jews working the land, but the proposal was rejected. In 1828 he moved to Berdichev, where he met Hasidism and Jewish Scriptures that were unacceptable to the Karaites, such as the Talmud. The encounter with Rabbinical Jews brought Firkovic into conflict with them. He published a book, "Massah and Meribah" (Yevpatoria, 1838) which raised serious allegations against the Jewish way of life. In later years when he was reconciled with the Rabbinites, he apologized for the sentiments contained in that pamphlet. In 1830 he visited Jerusalem, where he collected many Jewish manuscripts. On his return he remained two years in Constantinople, as teacher in the Karaite community there. He then went to Crimea and organized a society to publish old Karaite works, of which several appeared in Yevpatoria (Koslov) with comments by him. In 1838 he was the teacher of the children of Sima Babovich, the head of the Russian Crimean Karaites, who one year later recommended him to Count Vorontzov and to the Historical Society of Odessa as a suitable man to send to collect material for the history of the Crimean Karaites. In 1839, Firkovich began excavations in the ancient cemetery of Çufut Qale, and unearthed many old tombstones, claiming that some of them dated from the first centuries of the common era. The following two years were spent in travels through the Caucasus, where he ransacked the genizot of the old Jewish communities and collected many valuable manuscripts. He went as far as Derbent, and returned in 1842. In later years he made other journeys of the same nature, visiting Egypt and other countries. In Odessa he became the friend of Bezalel Stern and of Simchah Pinsker, and while residing in Wilna he made the acquaintance of Samuel Joseph Fuenn and other Hebrew scholars. In 1871 he visited the small Karaite community in Halych, Galicia, where he introduced several reforms. From there he went to Vienna, where he was introduced to Count Beust and also made the acquaintance of Adolph Jellinek. He returned to pass his last days in Çufut Qale, of which there now remained only a few buildings and many ruins. However, Firkovich's house is still preserved in the site.

 

Hebrew Description:    

קודם לשם הספר שער והקדמה בגרמנית.

References

JE; Fürst, Bibl. Jud. i. 408.