Bet Din Decree signed by R. Waldenberg, Yosef, & Kapach, Jerusalem 1958 (47947)

כתב מה"ר אליעזר יהודה וולדינברג, עובדיה יוסף, יוסף קאפח - Ms.

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 47947
Title (English): Letter by R. Ovadia Yosef, Waldenberg, & Kapach,
Title (Hebrew): כתב בית דין מה"ר אליעזר יהודה וולדינברג, עובדיה יוסף, יוסף קאפח
Note: Manuscript - Women
City: Jerusalem
Publication Date: 1958
Estimated Price: $200.00 USD - $500.00 USD
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Description

Physical Description

[1] p., 330:210 mm., light age staining, ink on official stationary, signed in initials in ink by all three Rabbis four times, dated.

 

Detail Description

Bet Din decree in a divorce proceeeding signed by:

R. Eliezer Yehudah b. Gedalya Waldenberg (1915-2006), dayyan in Jerusalem and author of the 22 volume Tzitz Eliezer. R. Waldenberg was born in Jerusalem and after a brief stay in Syria, studied at the Ez Hayyim Yeshiva. An erudite scholar, at the age of 19 he wrote his first work, Devar Eliezer. At age 29 his first volume of Tzitz Eliezer appeared. R. Waldenberg served on the Bet Din of Jerusalem for half a century and served as rabbi of the Shaarei Zadek Hospital.

 

R. Ovadia Yosef (b. 1920). R. Yosef was born in Baghdad, but when four years old he was taken to Jerusalem. At the age of 20, he was ordained rabbi by R. Ben-Zion Meir Ouziel. In 1945 he was appointed a dayyan in the bet din of the Sephardim in Jerusalem. In 1947 he was elected head of the bet din of Cairo and deputy chief rabbi of Egypt. During the period of his rabbinate in Egypt he displayed great courage and national pride; he refused to issue proclamations against the State of Israel, forbade contributions for military equipment for the Egyptian army, and also insisted on his right to preach in Hebrew. In 1950, he returned to the young state of Israel and was appointed a member of the rabbinical court of Petah Tikvah and of Jerusalem (1958–65). In 1965 he was appointed a member of the Supreme Rabbinical Court of Appeals in Jerusalem, and in 1968, Sephardi chief rabbi of Tel Aviv-Jaffa. On October 16, 1972, R. Yosef was elected Sephardi Chief Rabbi of Israel (Rishon Le-Zion), a position he held until 1983. He is the spiritual guide of the Shas party.

A prolific writer of halakhic works, R. Ovadiah published his first work, Yabbi'a Omer, at the age of 18 on themes in tractate Horayot, and he used the same title for many subsequent works (which appeared in Jerusalem in 1954, 1956, 1960, 1964, and 1969). In 1970 he was awarded the Israel Prize for Torah literature. R. Yosef's works are distinguished by their erudition. He is at home both with the Sephardi and Ashkenazi authorities to whom he gives equal weight. His rulings are clear and direct. In general he inclined to leniency in his rulings. Yosef also headed the yeshiva Torah ve-Hora'ah - the Tel Aviv branch of the yeshiva Porat Yosef - as well as the institute for dayyanim established by him in Tel Aviv.

R. Yosef has emerged as one of the most powerful figures on Israel's political and cultural scene. Aside from trying to organize Sephardi Jews politically, he has sought to gain equality or even superiority for Sephardi religious interpretations. In these efforts, he has enjoyed a fair degree of success and has changed Israeli society and the self-perception of much of its population.

R. Yosef Qafiḥ, widely known as Rabbi Kapach (1917-2000), was a Yemenite-Israeli one of the foremost leaders of the Yemenite Jewish community, first in Yemen and later in Israel. He was the grandson of Rabbi Yiḥyah Qafiḥ, also a prominent Yemenite leader and founder of the Dor Deah (anti-Kabbalah) movement in Yemen. He is principally known for his editions and translations of the works of Maimonides and other early rabbinic authorities, primarily his restoration of the Mishneh Torah from old manuscripts.

R. Qafiḥ was born in Sana’a in Yemen. His father was Rabbi David Qafiḥ. He died when his son was one year old. At the age of five Rabbi Yosef lost his mother, and was raised by and learned Torah with his grandfather Rabbi Yiḥyah Qafiḥ. When Yosef was 14 his grandfather died and he inherited his position as rabbinic authority and teacher of the Sana’a community. In his early years he worked as a silversmith. In 1943 he immigrated to Erez Israel, studied at the Merkaz HaRav yeshiva and qualified as a dayan at the Harry Fischel Institute. In 1950 he was appointed as a dayan in the Jerusalem district court, and later was appointed as a dayan at the Supreme Rabbinical Court. He was a member of the Chief Rabbinate Council of Israel, and presided over the Yemenite community in Jerusalem, as well as spreading Rabbi Tzvi Yehuda Kook's teachings among the Israeli Sephardi populace. He died at the age of 82.

 

References

EJ; Wikipedia