Kanfei Yonah; Massekhet Aniyyut, Senior (or Shneor) Sachs, Berlin 1848 (48412)

כנפי יונה, מסכת עניות - First Edition - Parody

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 48412
Title (English): Kanfei Yonah; Massekhet Aniyyut
Title (Hebrew): כנפי יונה, מסכת עניות
Note: First Edition - Parody
Author: Senior (or Shneor) Sachs; Isaac Meir Dick
City: Berlin
Publication Date: 1848
Estimated Price: $200.00 USD - $500.00 USD
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Description

Physical Description:

First edition. 48 pp, octavo, 216:123 mm., light age staining, wide (some uncut) margins. A very good copy bound in original paper wrappers.

 

Detailed Description:   

Collection of parodies and satires by Senior (or Shneor) Sachs (1816-1892), a native of Zhager Chadash (New Zhager), was a Lithuanian scholar who sojourned in Berlin and lastly in Paris, where he was employed as private librarian of Baron Joseph Gunzberg and tutor to his children. Includes one of the best Talmudical parodies ever written "Massekhet Aniyyut" by Isaac Meir Dick (1814–1893), first popular writer of Yiddish fiction. Born in Vilna, Dick began his literary activity around 1838 with a Hebrew story "Zifronah" and a Hebrew parody "Massekhet Aniyyut" ("Tractate on Poverty," first published in Kanfei Yonah (1848). The author of over 300 stories and short novels, Dick is known primarily for introducing into Yiddish literature the sentimental and realistic story; many of his tales were either translations or free adaptations of other works. Dick, one of the first writers before Mendele Mokher Seforim to write in Hebrew and Yiddish, used literature to popularize the ideas of the Haskalah. He was one of the first maskilim to realize that, for the average reader, information had to be coated with an interesting story line. He preached ethical conduct and good manners in stories that abounded in folklore.

In 1864 he signed a contract with the Romm publishing house, agreeing to write a 48-page novelette each week. His melodramatic stories were eagerly read by men and women alike, who bought nearly 100,000 copies of his works. However, many of his pamphlets have not survived since they were literally read to shreds. Lacking literary sophistication, Dick's stories are valued today mainly for their wealth of folklore. As a typical exponent of the Haskalah ideology, Dick was in favor of such reforms in Jewish life as change of attire, modern schools, dignified synagogue services, etc., and like many other maskilim, did not refrain from turning to the Czarist authority for support. On the other hand the traditional values of Judaism were so dear to him that he devoted most of his literary efforts to their perpetuation. He popularized the knowledge of the Bible, wrote on the haggadah of Passover, composed a popular version of the Shulhan Arukh, and published many stories on Erez Israel, including a history of Jerusalem. Dick also summarized Jewish classical, medieval, and contemporary writings for the average Yiddish reader. In the chaotic condition of the Yiddish publishing trade in Russia, even an approach to a bibliography of works of that nature is an absolute impossibility. In his old age Dick lived comfortably, and was one of the most respected and popular men in the community. His selected works were published in 1954 (Geklibene Verk fun I. M. Dick, ed. by S. Niger).

 

Hebrew Description:

נחפה בכסף השיר והמליצה... והתולים, והן תוספות למכתב עתי היונה (שניאור זקש מזאגר חדש... המוציא לאור). חוברת ראשונה...

מסכת עניות מן תלמוד רש עלמא : עם פירוש רשי"ה ותוס' נמצאת בעיר גוזל עיר מלאה עניים ואביונים. ונסדרת ע"י הקבצן ראש הדלפנים רב עני הגדול. ונתוספו בה תוספות חדושים והגהות מהנהו זקני הבטלנים אשר בלו כל ימיהם בדקדוק עניות ..

עמ’ 3: "המסכת הזאת <אשר הפרק הראשון ממנה הרי זה לפניך היום> ... נמצאה ... בעיר גדולה ... ק"ק לינואו [ווילנא] אשר במדינת סוריא [רוסיא] באמתחת ... מיסיר יאקיזי ריאם [אייזיק מאיר] דידיע קיד [דיק] ס"ט". ‬

עמ’ 3-9: דברי המגיה והמביא לביה"ד, סיניור ס"ט [שניאור זק"ש].

תוספת למכתב עתי "היונה", חוברת א, תר"ח, עמ’ 20-3.

 

References:

Bibliography of the Hebrew Book 1470-1960 #000183873; EJ; JE; Waxman IV pp. 483-85; Zinberg XII pp. 78-90; Davidson, Parody; JE, Vol. X, pp. 613-614; EJ, Vol.XVI, cols. 916-917