Hymne, Louanges et Prieres, Spanish & Portuguese Jews Temple, Amsterdam 1811 (48480)

קול תודה רנה ותפלה - Only Edition - Napoleon - Marie Louise

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 48480
Title (English): Hymne, Louanges et Prieres
Title (Hebrew): קול תודה רנה ותפלה
Note: Only Edition - Napoleon - Marie Louise
Author: Spanish & Portuguese Jews Temple
City: Amsterdam
Publisher: דפוס החברים בלאינפאנטי כ"ץ
Publication Date: 1811
Estimated Price: $2,000.00 USD - $4,000.00 USD
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Description

Physical Description

Only edition, [22] pp., quarto, 251:194 mm., wide margins, light age and damp staining, heavy paper. A very good copy bound in contemporary marbled paper over boards, rubbed.

 

Detail Description

Prayer service offered at the Spanish synagogue in Amsterdam on the occasion of a royal visit by the French Emperor Napoleon and his wife Marie Louise.

Marie Louise (who was given the Latin baptismal name of Maria Ludovica Leopoldina Francisca Theresa Josepha Lucia) was born in Vienna, the daughter of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor (Francis I of Austria) and of his second wife, Maria Theresa of the Two Sicilies. To make her more marriageable, her parents had her tutored in many languages. In addition to her native German, she became fluent in English, French, Italian, Latin, and Spanish.

On March 11, 1810, the 18-year-old archduchess married French Emperor Napoléon I by proxy, with a subsequent ceremony taking place in the chapel of the Louvre on 1 April 1810. The bride's father intended the marriage to strengthen links between the Austrian Empire and the First French Empire. Napoleon sought the validation and legitimation of his Empire by marrying a member of the House of Habsburg, one of the oldest ruling families of Europe. He also hoped to cement his position by fathering a legitimate heir. Napoleon had previously tried to marry Grand Duchess Anna of the House of Romanov, younger sister of Tsar Alexander I of Russia, but his proposal had been refused.

On March 20, 1811, Marie Louise (as she was known in France) gave birth to a son, Napoléon François Joseph Charles Bonaparte, styled King of Rome and later Duke of Reichstadt. Marie Louise acted as Regent of France from April to December 1812 during the Russian campaign and again from April 1813 to January 1814 during her husband's absence in the German campaign. After Napoléon was forced to abdicate his throne in April 1814, he was exiled to the island of Elba. Marie Louise returned to Austria, never to see her husband again. Napoléon claimed at one point to prefer Marie Louise to his first wife Joséphine de Beauharnais; while he had loved Joséphine, he claimed, he had not respected her, whereas with Marie Louise, there was "Never a lie, never a debt".

Added t.p. in French: Hymne, Louanges et Prieres, prononces par le Reverend Grand-Rabbin des Israelites Portugais a Amsterdam; a l’occasion de ce que Leurs Majestes Imperiales et Royales l’Empereur et Roi, Napoleon Le Grand, et l’Imperatrice Reine, Marie Louise, daignerent honorer de leur Auguste presence le ... Temple de la susdite Communaute, au mois d’Octobre 1811

Hebrew Description    

  ... ביום ... אשר הראנו את המאור הגדול בתוך ... בית תפלת הספרדים ... פה העיר ... אמשטרדם ... הקיסר העצום והמלך האדיר ... נאפוליאון הגדול קיסר הצרפתים ומלך איטאליא יר"ה עם ... אשת חקו ... מראיה[!] לואיזה יר"ה ועם קצינים ורוזנים ... יועציו ומשרתיו ... בימי תשרי ה"תקעב לפ"ג ...
עברית וצרפתית, עמוד מול עמוד.

References

Bibliography of the Hebrew Book 1470-1960 #000121221; EJ; JE; Vinograd, Amsterdan 2410