Facsimile of Shulchan Aruch, Venice 1565, Brooklyn 20th Century (48977)

שלחן ערוך - First Edition Facsimile

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 48977
Title (English): Facsimile of Shulchan Aruch, Venice 1565
Title (Hebrew): שלחן ערוך
Note: Manuscript - Holocaust
City: Brooklyn
Publisher: Renaissance Judaica
Publication Date: 20th Century
Estimated Price: $200.00 USD - $500.00 USD
Content/listingImages/20200209/af691fe6-7d7e-4ef0-8c50-f675a847a490_fullsize.jpg Content/listingImages/20200209/bec1e153-dfc0-4773-b805-279ecf438cdf_fullsize.jpg


Physical Description

Four volumes, quarto, as issued.

Detail Description

The Shulchan Aruch sometimes dubbed in English as the Code of Jewish Law, is the most widely consulted of the various legal codes in Judaism. It was authored in Safed (today in Israel) by R. Joseph Karo in 1563 and published in Venice two years later. Together with its commentaries, it is the most widely accepted compilation of Jewish law ever written. R. Karo initially intended to rely on his own judgment relating to differences of opinion between the various authorities, especially where he could support his own view based on the Talmud. But he abandoned this idea because, as he wrote: "Who has the courage to rear his head aloft among mountains, the heights of G-d?" Hence R. Karo adopted the Halakhot of R. Isaac Alfasi (the Rif), Maimonides (the Rambam), and R. Asher ben Jehiel (the Rosh) as his standards, accepting as authoritative the opinion of two of the three, except in cases where most of the ancient authorities were against them or in cases where there was already an accepted custom contrary to his ruling. The net result of these last exceptions is that in a number of cases R. Karo rules in favour of the Catalan school of Nahmanides and Rashba, thus indirectly reflecting Ashkenazi opinions, even against the consensus of Alfasi and Maimonides. R. Karo very often decides disputed cases without necessarily considering the age and importance of the authority in question, expressing simply his own views. He follows Maimonides' example, as seen in Mishneh Torah, rather than that of Jacob ben Asher, who seldom decides between ancient authorities.


Hebrew Description



Introduction to Beit Yosef, R. Joseph Karo, printed in the first volume of the Tur, 'Orach Chaim'