Conversion Certificate, Budapest 1933 (49025)

תעודה גיורת - Manuscript

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 49025
Title (English): Conversion Certificate
Title (Hebrew): תעודה גיורת
Note: Manuscript
City: Budapest
Publication Date: 1933
Estimated Price: $200.00 USD - $500.00 USD
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Description

Physical Description

[2] pp., 233:194mm., typewritten on stationary, creased on folds, stamped, dated, and signed.

On verso: Statment in Hebrew of having witnessed circumcision, given Hebrew name, signature of the three Bet Din members present.

 

Detail Description

Rabbinic Judaism, the laws governing conversion (gerut) are based on codes of law and texts, including discussions in the Talmud, through the Shulkhan Arukh and subsequent interpretations. (Many of the guidelines of accepting converts are based on the Book of Ruth and the manner whereby Ruth was brought into the fold through her mother-in-law, Naomi). These rules are held as authoritative by Orthodox Judaism.

Within Orthodoxy it is commonly understood that Halacha somewhat discourages proselytizing, and religious gerut is somewhat discouraged. Some rabbis reject potential converts three times, and if they remained adamant in their desire to convert, they would then allow them to begin the process. In order to convert, the conversion candidate must have a circumcision (males) and immerse in the mikveh before a kosher beth din, comprising 3 Jewish males who are shomer Shabbat. There is also a requirement to accept the commandments (although not necessarily a commitment to keep the mitzvot), although without this step there are many authorities who will accept the conversion as valid. In the past it is likely that conversions happened like this, and were decentralized, and universally accepted once performed.

 

References

Wikipedia; Marc D. Angel (2005). "Choosing to Be Jewish", K'Tav Publishing