Lehem Rav, R. Samuel ben Joseph Joske of Lublin, Prague 1608 (49101)

לחם רב - Only Edition - Very Rare

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 49101
Title (English): Lehem Rav
Title (Hebrew): לחם רב
Note: Only Edition - Very Rare
Author: R. Samuel ben Joseph Joske of Lublin
City: Prague
Publisher: Judah Leib and Ezriel sons of Moses Darshan (Schedel)
Publication Date: 1608
Estimated Price: $3,000.00 USD - $5,000.00 USD
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Physical Description

Only edition 3,5-48, 51-66 ff. , quarto,  188:145 mm., nice margins, light age staining, running title clipped on ff 21-33. A very good copy bound in modern full leather over boards, tooled in blind.

Very Rare


Detail Description

Addenda to the Shulhan Arukh Orah Hayyim by R. Samuel ben Joseph Joske of Lublin (16th-17th centuries). R. Joske, born in Lublin, son-in-law of R. Benjamin Luntshits of Posen, served as rabbi in Jung-Bunzlau. Lehem Rav is his only printed work, published this one time only. The title page with an architectural frame states that it is Lehem Rav,

"See this new thing" (cf. Ecclesiastes 1:10) hiddushei dinnim, "new and also old" (Song of Songs 7:14) pertaining to the Shulhan Arukh but omitted from it. Found and collected, one by one, by R. Samuel ben Joseph, rosh mesivta and av bet din ...

The title page names the printers and adds that it was printed in the house of R. Abraham ben Shalom. It is not dated, but the colophon has the date, Wednes­day, erev Rosh HaShanah, in the year "Happy is the people who know the joyful sound; they shall walk, 0 Lord, in the light of your countenance , באור פניך (369 = September 10, 1608)" (Psalms 89:16), that is, the eye of 369. Samuel's introduction follows, in which he notes that the two great lights, R. Joseph Caro and R. Moses Isserles (Rema), prepared the table, he placing bread (lehern) on it. Weaving the term lehem throughout the introduction, Samuel informs that he has entitled it

Lehem Rav based on the verse in Daniel (5:1), "[the king] made a great feast (lehem rav):' based on which the sages learned that a feast is called by the name of bread. So, too, these halakhic novellae (hiddushei dinnim) increase and amplify the meal already pre­pared by the geonim, who "provided meat" (Genesis 43:16), foodstuff, and wine and arranged their table, a great feast from holy bread that was under their hand, and also I brought "savory food, such as our father [in Heaven] loves" (cf. Genesis 27:14) in order that He will bless me...

R. Samuel also informs that Lehem Rav, on Orah Hayyim, is a portion only of a larger work, Teshuvato ha-Ramato, that he began in 1603. There are approbations from R. Judah Loew ben Bezalel (Maharal) and R. Isaac ben Simeon Katz. The text follows in two columns in rabbinic type. Section headings are in varied decorative borders. Lehem Rav follows the order of the Shulhan Arukh, encompassing all of Orah Hayyim. Sources for halakhot are given with each entry. An example, on hilkhot Yorn Kippur is,

1. Prior to the hazzan beginning the prayer Kol Nidre it is best that the hazzan say in a low voice a prayer and supplication in the singular seeking for himself that the Lord should accept his prayers (Beit Yosef, Kol Bo, and I found it written).


Hebrew Description

 ... חידושי דיני’ חדשי’ גם ישנים השייכין לשלחן ערוך (אורח חיים ... אשר ערכו שני המאורות ... ר’ יוסף קארו זלה"ה ... ר’ משה איסרליש זלה"ה ) שנשמטו משם (כי השמיטום הגאונים הנ"ל) והמציא אותם ולקט אותם ... ר’ שמואל בן מוהר"ר יוסף (יאסקא זלה"ה) איש לובלין ריש מתיבת’ ואב"ד דק"ק בומסלא במדינות פיהם (חתן ... ר’ בנימין <לונטשיץ> יצ"ו מק"ק פוזנא ... וכתבתי על כל דת ודין מראה מקום אם ... מן התלמוד ... ואם ... משאר פוסקים ... גם כתבתי איזה דבר נראה לי ... זעיר שם זעיר שם).

קולופון: תם ונשלם ... היום יום ד בערב ראש השנה שנת ובפרט אשרי העם יודעי תרועה ב’א’ו’ר’ פ’נ’י’ך’ יהליכון [שס"ט]. ההדפסה נגמרה איפוא בשנת שס"ח.

בהקדמה מספר המחבר שספר זה הוא רק חלק מספר גדול שחיבר בשם "תשובתו הרמתה", שהתחיל לחברו "בשנת שס"ג ... כאשר הייתי חונה ... בקהילה ... ק"ק גניזין ואחר כך העתקתי אהלי ... למדינות שלעזיא לק"ק האציפלאץ ... ושם טרחתי עד שגמרתי המלאכה".



Marvin Heller, 17th Century Hebrew Book, pp 212-213; Bibliography of the Hebrew Book 1470-1960 #000180901