Shiri haNefesh, R. Meir Loeb Malbim, Bucharest 1860 (50078)

שירי הנפש

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 50078
Title (English): Shiri haNefesh
Title (Hebrew): שירי הנפש
Author: R. Meir Loeb Malbim
City: Bucharest
Publisher: Tipografia jiurn[alului] Nationalulu
Publication Date: 1860
Estimated Price: $300.00 USD - $600.00 USD
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Description

Physical Description:

Second edition. [1], 40 ff., octavo 210:128 mm., wide margins, light age and damp staining. A good copy bound in recent boards, rubbed.

 

Detailed Description:   

Commentary to Song of Songs by R. Meir Loeb ben Jehiel Michael Weisser Malbim (1809-1879). It is nine discourses which reveal the profundity of his homiletical ideas. Characteristic of this work is the fact that the sermons are based upon biblical verses only and do not rely upon rabbinic dicta. Each sermon encompasses a specific subject and is preceded by a poetic introduction. This method was regarded by some as an innovation in sermonic literature. His oral sermons were distinguished by verbal precision and strict logic. R. Meir Loeb ben Jehiel Michael Malbim (1809–1879), rabbi, preacher, and biblical exegete. The name Malbim is an acronym formed from Meir Loeb ben Jehiel Michael. Born in Volochisk (Volhynia), Malbim was a child when his father died. He studied in his native town until the age of 13, with Moses Leib Horowitz, among others. He married at the age of 14, but after a short time divorced his wife. He went to Warsaw, where he became widely known as the "illui from Volhynia." From there he went to Leczyca, where he married the daughter of the local rabbi Hayyim Auerbach, who maintained him, and he was thus able to devote himself to literary work. In 1834 he traveled to Western Europe to obtain commendations from contemporary rabbis for his Arzot ha-Hayyim (1837), visiting, among other places, Pressburg, Amsterdam, and Breslau. In 1839, on the recommendation of Solomon Zalman Tiktin of Breslau, he was appointed rabbi of Wreschen (district of Posen), where he remained for seven years. From there he went to Kempen and was therefore sometimes referred to as "The Kempener." While in Kempen he was invited to the rabbinate of Satoraljaujhely in Hungary but refused the offer. He finally agreed to accept the call of the Bucharest community, and in the summer of 1858 he was officially inducted as chief rabbi of Rumania.

Because of Malbim's uncompromising stand against Reform, disputes broke out between him and the communal leaders of the town, leading to his imprisonment. He was freed only on the intervention of Sir Moses Montefiore and on condition that he leave Rumania and not return. M. Rosen has published various documents which disclose the false accusations and calumnies Malbim’s Jewish-assimilationist enemies wrote against him to the Rumanian government. They accused him of disloyalty and of impeding social assimilation between Jews and non-Jews by insisting on adherence to the dietary laws, and said, "this rabbi by his conduct and prohibitions wishes to impede our progress." As a result of this the prime minister of Rumania issued a proclamation against the "ignorant and insolent" rabbi for his effrontery in "publishing libelous letters against those eating meat from any butcher shop and he has preached against the idea of progress and freedom." In consequence the minister refused to grant rights to the Jews of Bucharest, on the grounds that the rabbi of the community was "the sworn enemy of progress" (from the official newspaper Moniturul March 6, 1864). Determined to refute the false accusations made against him, Malbim went to Constantinople to lodge a complaint against the Rumanian government, which was then under Turkish domination. Following the rejection of his appeal and his failure to obtain the help of the Alliance IsraMlite Universelle (in transmitting a memorandum written in 1864 in Paris in which Malbim, with the help of Adolphe CrMmieux, addressed himself to the Rumanian ruler, stressing his patriotism), he was compelled to leave Rumania (1864). During his wanderings in the following years he suffered persecution and calumny. He served as rabbi intermittently in Leczyca, Kherson, and Mogilev and was persecuted by the assimilationists, the maskilim, and the Hasidim. He was invited to Mainz, and on his way stopped at Koenigsberg, where he remained for about four years. In 1879 he received an invitation from Kremenchug, Poltava oblast, to serve as its rabbi, but died in Kiev on his way there.

 

Hebrew Description: 

ביאור... על שיר השירים [עם הפנים], מאת הרב... מאיר ליבוש מלבים נ"י... אב"ד דק"ק באקארעשט... נדפס פעם ראשון בקענוגסבערג[!] בשנת התרי"ז ועתה הובא לבית הדפוס שנית ע"י... ר’ מנשה בהמנוח... יצחק צבי הכהן.

שני שערים.

שער-נוסף: Sirei Anefes; Compositie de Robinulu M. L. Malbim

 

References: 

Bibliography of the Hebrew Book 1470-1960 #000305505