She'elot u-Teshuvot Sha'agat Aryeh, R. Aryeh Leib Gunzberg, Vilna 1873 (50083)

שאלות ותשובות שאגת אריה החדשות

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 50083
Title (English): She'elot u-Teshuvot Sha'agat Aryeh
Title (Hebrew): שאלות ותשובות שאגת אריה החדשות
Note: First Edition
Author: R. Aryeh Leib Gunzberg
City: Vilna
Publisher: דפוס יהודא ליב מ"ץ
Publication Date: 1873
Estimated Price: $200.00 USD - $500.00 USD
Content/listingImages/20201013/7fa3ae60-41f9-41ed-9007-4f5d44d32578_fullsize.jpg Content/listingImages/20201013/063ffc21-d107-4b4b-8fcd-5341094dc297_fullsize.jpg


Physical Description:

First edition, 144 pp., folio, 327:216 mm., light age and damp staining, wide margins. A very good copy bound in contemporary boards, rubbed.


Detailed Description:   

Responsa by R. Aryeh Leib b. Asher Gunzberg (1695–1785), born in Lithuania. R. Aryeh became assistant to his father on his appointment about 1720 as rabbi of the upper district in Minsk, comprising at the time 40 small communities. In 1733 he founded a yeshiva, which soon attracted students from Belorussia and Lithuania. Differences over methods of instruction between R. Aryeh Leib and R. Jehiel Heilprin, author of Seder ha-Dorot and head of another yeshiva in Minsk, led to much friction between both the teachers and students, R. Heilprin being opposed to the pilpulistic method used by R. Aryeh Leib to stimulate the minds of his students. In the introduction to his famous volume of responsa, Sha'agat Aryeh, however, R. Aryeh Leib himself is critical of the role of pilpul in establishing the "truth of the Torah." Finally compelled in 1742 to leave Minsk, he settled in one of the nearby towns where he continued to help his aged father. In 1750 he was appointed rabbi in Volozhin, where among some of his notable disciples were R. Hayyim Volozhiner and his brother R. Simhah. Here he prepared his halakhic work, Sha'agat Aryeh (Frankfort on the Oder, 1755). He lived in poverty, became involved in disputes with the community leaders, and at the age of 69 wandered from city to city. He reached Germany and eventually accepted the position of av bet din in Metz (1765), becoming also head of a large yeshiva there. It is related, that the Metz community was afraid to hire R. Aryeh Leib as he was over 70 years of age, he assured them he would be there at least until his Bar-Mitzvah, age 83. He remained in Metz until his death at age 90. Besides his Sha'agat Aryeh, R. Aryeh Leib published in his lifetime Turei Even, novellae on the tractates Rosh Ha-Shanah, Hagigah, and Megillah (Metz, 1781). His posthumously published works are: She'elot u-Teshuvot Sha'agat Aryeh ha-Hadashot (1874); Gevurot Ari, novellae on Ta'anit (1862); and Gevurot Ari, on Yoma and Makkot (1907).


Hebrew Description:

ובתוכן התשובות הנודעות על פי המחבר בשם חובת קרקע ודיני חדש מאת ... מרן אריה ליב זצלל"ה אב"ד ור"מ דק"ק מיץ ... וזר זהב לקונטרס חובת קרקע מאת בנו ... מוה’ אשר זצ"ל אב"ד דקרלסרוא ומדינת באדען. אשר נקב בשם הגהות אשר. יצא לאור ראשונה ע"י שמואל חיים איישטיין ...

עמ’ II [צ"ל: 4]: הקדמה קלה וקצרה מאת המוציא לאורה [ר’ שמואל חיים איישטיין].

עמ’ 143-137: הגהות אשר, חדושים והערות מאת ... מו"ה אשר בן של הגאון המחבר ז"ל ...

עמ’ 143: השמטה מהסכמת הגה"ג הראב"ד מק"ק לבוב [ר’ יוסף שאול נאטאנזאהן].

עמ’ 144: יען כי ערבים עלי דברי קדשו של הרב הגאון אב"ד דק"ק פעגערסהיים (ר’ אלכסנדר ב"ר ארי’ אראן) חתן הגה"ג מוהר"ר אשר ז"ל בהגאון המחבר ז"ל ראיתי להדפיס מכתבו שכתב אלי בהודעו מהדפסתו הספר הזה.



Bibliography of the Hebrew Book 1470-1960 #000116996; EJ; B. Z. Eisenstadt, Rabbanei Minsk ve-Hakhameha (1898), 15ff.; D. Maggid, Sefer Toledot Mishpehot Ginzburg (1899), 35–52; S. J. Fuenn, Kiryah Ne'emanah (1915), 163.