Sefer Mitzvot Gadol (Se-Ma-G), R. Moses of Coucy, Kopys 1807 (50476)

ספר מצות גדול - Hasidic Approbation: R. Levi Yitzhok of Bardichev

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 50476
Title (English): Sefer Mitzvot Gadol (Se-Ma-G)
Title (Hebrew): ספר מצות גדול
Note: Hasidic
Author: R. Moses b. Jacob of Coucy
City: Kapust (Kopys)
Publisher: דפוס אברהם בן יעקב סגל ויצחק בן שמואל
Publication Date: 1807
Estimated Price: $500.00 USD - $1,000.00 USD
Content/listingImages/20200828/06964e6b-5630-4080-b730-85d5f8c1f35f_fullsize.jpg Content/listingImages/20200828/e6b9f03d-068e-4aa4-9dc9-d4a051c27bfd_fullsize.jpg


Physical Description

Pagination see below, folio, 378:225 mm., light age and damp staining, wide margins, old hands. A very good copy bound in reent cloth over boards, rubbed and starting on edges.

Hasidic Approbation: R. Levi Yitzhok of Bardichev

Lithuanian Approbation: R. Chaim of Volozhin


Detail Description

The Sefer Mitzvot Gadol completed in 1247, deals with the 365 negative commandments and the 248 positive commandments, separately discussing each of them according to the Talmud and the decisions of the Rabbis. "SeMaG" also contains much non-legal, moralistic teaching. References to the "SeMaG" are by section (positive or negative commandments) and a number for each commandment within its section. R. Moses' arrangement and presentation are heavily influenced by Maimonides' discussion of the commandments in the Sefer Hamitzvot and by his codification of the Halakha in the Mishneh Torah. However, unlike Maimonides, R. Moses presents lengthy discussions of the different interpretations and legal opinions. He also makes extensive use of other codes, and particularly of the commentaries of Rashi and the Tosafot, usually favouring these Ashkenazi traditions over Maimonides.

R. Moses of Coucy lived in the first half of the thirteenth century. His name suggests he was born or raised in Coucy in Northern France. He was a descendant of a family of distinguished scholars. He was the brother-in-law of Tosafist Shimshon of Sens and Shimshon of Coucy (HaSar MiCoucy). He studied under R.Judah of Paris, and R. Yehudah HaChasid. Following in the latter's footsteps he traveled through Provence and Spain to strengthen religiosity among the Jews and teaching them the way to serve G-d. In 1240 he was one of the four rabbis who were required to defend the Talmud, in a public disputation in Paris, and it is likely that the need for a work like the Sefer Mitzvot Gadol was driven by the decrees against the Talmud which had been promulgated in France, and had led to the confiscation and burning of all Talmud manuscripts in 1242.


Hebrew Description:

 ... כמו שנדפס מקדם בוינציאה [ש"ז]. ועתה נתוסף עליו פי’ הגאון מהרש"ל (שלמה לוריא) הנקרא בשם עמודי שלמה, והגהות נפלאים מהגאון מ’ [אברהם] יהושע העשיל אב"ד דק"ק קראקא. הובא לבית הדפוס במצות ובהוצאות... ר’ מרדכי במהור"ר שמואל סג"ל הורוויץ... חלק א-ב.

[1], ב, [1], סד, כט, מב; [1], ב, קג, ד, קט-קכד, יח, טז [צ"ל: יח], ד דף.

נשמטו דברי הסיום והשיר, שבהוצאת ויניציאה ש"ז.

בסוף הספר: "אמר המעתיק, הגהות כתיבת יד עצמו של הגאון (יהושע העשיל) ... העמדתי תוכן כוונתו במקום שדבריו מחוסרי’ כוונה ותמוהים לפי הנראה, וכתבתי... בעגולי ב ח"ל [חצאי לבנה], מה שעלה בעיוני... נאום ישראל בלא"א כמהורר שמואל ני’ בן... מוה’ עזריאל זצ"ל משקלאוו".



Bibliography of the Hebrew Book 1470-1960 #000179023; EJ; JE; Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Moses Ben Jacob of Coucy (SeMaG)". The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls; Wikipedia; The Rishonim, The Artscroll history series, Pg. 138, 156