Or Yisrael, R. Israel b. Aaron Jaffe, Frankfurt on the Oder 1702 (50650)

אור ישראל - Only Edition - Kabbalah

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Listing Details

Lot Number: 50650
Title (English): Or Yisrael
Title (Hebrew): אור ישראל
Note: Only Edition - Kabbalah
Author: R. Israel b. Aaron Jaffe
City: Frankfurt on the Oder
Publisher: דפוס מיכעל גאטשאלק
Publication Date: 1702
Estimated Price: $500.00 USD - $1,000.00 USD
Content/listingImages/20210218/50650-0_fullsize.jpg Content/listingImages/20210218/50650-1_fullsize.jpg


Physical Description

Only edition. [1], 7, 187 ff., folio, 335:211 mm., light age and damp staining, extra wide margins. A very good copy bound in contemporary boards, rubbed and spine taped.
Includes f. 7 lacking in most of the copies. This leaf features the approbation of R. Naftali Katz, given two weeks after the printing was finished, with the date 27th of Tishrei, 1703.

Detail Description

Large kabalistic work. The first section relates to Aggadot and Psalms, the second section relates to the entire Shulchan Aruch Orech Chaim. With many approbations. Magnificent, woodcut title page, with the artist's signature. The author was accused of including Sabbatean ideas in his works. Some people destroyed his works, which is why it is so rare.

R. Israel b. Aaron Jaffe (c. 1640–after 1703), kabbalist. Born in Uman (Ukraine), he fled at the age of eight to Glussk (Belorussia) on the outbreak of the Chmielnicki persecutions (1648). He studied with R. Isaac b. Abraham at Posen (Tiferet Yisrael, Frankfurt on the Oder (1774), 40b) and afterward continued his studies together with his friends Aryeh Loeb Epstein and Jacob Ḥayyat (ibid., 35a). Later he became rabbi at Shklov (Belorussia). Jaffe, who claimed to see heavenly visions, among which were revelations of the prophet Elijah, felt himself called upon to work for the messianic redemption. He appeared in numerous communities, in order to gain adherents for his kabbalistic theories and to scourge misdeeds. For the printing of his writings he went to Frankfurt on the Oder, where his work Or Yisrael (1702) was published (pt. 1: interpretations of the Zohar; pt. 2: kabbalistic commentaries on Oraḥ Ḥayyim; in 1702 with approbations by numerous contemporary authorities). The work roused angry feelings in rabbinic circles, since the author was suspected of Shabbatean leanings because of the repeated use of the word ẓevi (interpreted as referring to Shabbetai Ẓevi) in his work. In his apology, R. Jaffe attributes the incriminating passages to an alien insertion; by this he contradicts the testimony of his son Aaron, who had corrected the whole work. His grandson had this apology printed at the beginning of his excerpt from his grandfather's work Tiferet Yisrael, in order to clear him of the accusation of Shabbateanism. Although the rabbinic authorities had, in their approval to this work, confirmed the groundlessness of these accusations against R. Jaffe, the suspicion was nevertheless upheld by R. Jacob Emden (cf. Torat ha-Kena'ot (Lemberg, 1870), 145, first printed Amsterdam, 1752, and Shevirat Luḥot ha-Aven (Zolkiew, 1756), 53b).

The following works of R. Jaffe remain unpublished: Beit Yisrael, additions to the Talmud; commentary on the haftarot and the Five Scrolls; Yefeh Einayim; Milḥamot Adonai; and Tiferet Yisrael. Excerpts from the last three works were published by his grandson and namesake (who had the appellation Zuta to differentiate him from his grandfather) under the title Tiferet Yisrael (Frankfurt on the Oder, 1774); together with them are printed Kishut Tov by Moses b. Menahem and an excerpt from the works of Israel Zuta himself.



Hebrew Description

אשר חיבר ... ר’ ישראל בהר"ר אהרן ז"ל יפ"ה, אב"ד ור"מ דק"ק שקלאב ...מגזע סענדרליך וקלמנקש יפה ... פירוש על רוב מאמרי הזוהר ... וביותר לימוד סוד סדר האצילות וביאור ג"כ כתבי ... האר"י ז"ל. ופי’ סוד כ"ב אתוון עם הנקודות. וסוד טעמי"ם נקודו"ת תגי"ן. וסידר לב’ חלקים: חלק א ... פי’ על רוב גמ’ ואגדות תמוהים ועל רוב מזמורי תהילים ע"פ סוד וקצת ע"פ נגלה. והחלק הב’ על ש"ע הא"ח מסימן א עד סוף סי’ תרצז ....

המחבר הואשם שבספרו דברים הנוטים לשבתאות. בספרו "תפארת ישראל", פרנקפורט דאודר תקל"ד, דברי התנצלות על האשמה זו.

ברוב הטפסים חסר דף ז שבראש הספר (אחרי הקדמת המחבר). בדף זה נדפסה הסכמתו של ר’ נפתלי כ"ץ. בסוף ההסכמה כותב המחבר: "בהיות שהסכמת [!] של הגאון [ר’ נפתלי] ... בא לידי אחר שכבר נשלם בדפוס... ערך שני שבועות... לזה עשיתי לגאון הנ"ל מדור בפני עצמו [כלומר: דף מיוחד] לכבודו, והבאתי לבית הדפוס בתוך הספר". בהמשך "פירוש פסוק על פי נגלה" מאת המחבר, ובסוף הדף: "דף הנ"ל נדפס כהיום יום ה ז"ך תשרי לפרט ת’נ’ו’ עוז’ [תס"ג]", וקצת תיקוני טעויות הדפוס.



Bibliography of the Hebrew Book 1470-1960 #000136534; EJ; www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jaffe-israel-ben-aaron; Z. Harkavy, Mishpaḥat Maskil le-Eitan (1953), 16–22; S.M. Chones, Toledot ha-Posekim (1910), 368; E. Kahan, Kinat Soferim (1892), 616; Fuenn, Keneset, 694–5