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Magen Avot, R. Mordecai Banet (Benet), Zholkva 1834-35

מגן אבות - First Edition

Listing Image
  • Lot Number 51032
  • Title (English) Magen Avot
  • Title (Hebrew) סדרי טהרה
  • Note First Edition
  • Author R. Mordecai Banet (Benet)
  • City Zholkva
  • Publisher Saul Meyerhoffer
  • Publication Date 1834-35
  • Estimated Price - Low 200
  • Estimated Price - High 500

  • Item # 1818908
  • End Date
  • Start Date

Physical Description

First edition. [2], 60 ff. folio 377:235 mm., extra wide margins, usual light age and damp staining. A very good copy not bound.

Detail Description

On the main categories of the 39 items of forbidden work on the Sabbath by R. Mordecai ben Abraham Banet (Benet), (1753–1829), Moravian rabbi, one of the leading talmudists of his time. R. Banet was born in Csurgo, Hungary. He studied at the yeshivah of Fuerth under Joseph Steinhardt, author of the responsa Zikhron Yosef. In 1784 he was appointed dayyan in Nikolsburg, Moravia. In 1787 and 1788 he served as rabbi of Lundenburg, Moravia, and subsequently of Sasvar, Hungary, and from 1789 as rabbi and head of the yeshivah of Nikolsburg, and district rabbi of Moravia. R. Banet's yeshivah attracted students from near and far, and during the 40 years that he headed it several thousands of students passed through. R. Banet fought vigorously against the Reform movement, particularly against Aaron Chorin, and vehemently opposed the founding of the Reform Temple in Hamburg. At the same time he displayed a certain understanding of the spiritual needs of his contemporaries. At the request of the government, he prepared two courses of study for students for the rabbinate which included secular studies. His proposals were published in the Toledot Mordekhai Banet (1832) of his son Jacob Abraham. Under Banet's influence, his son R. Naphtali Banet compiled a handbook (in Hebrew and German) on the fundamentals of the Jewish religion. Because of his great influence on his community, his talented leadership, and the support of the government, R. Banet succeeded in postponing the disintegration of Moravian Jewry for at least one generation later than that of the breakup of Bohemian Jewry. He was one of the chief opponents of Saul Berlin in the controversy over his work Besamim Rosh (Berlin, 1793).

Of R. Banet's other only Be'ur Mordekhai (2 vols. Vienna, 1805–13), novellae to the Mordekhai of R. Mordecai b. Hillel, was published during his lifetime. After his death the following were published: Magen Avot (Zolkiew, 1835; 1903; with notes by R. Shalom Mordecai ha-Kohen), on the main categories of work forbidden on the Sabbath; Har ha-Mor (Prague, 1861), responsa, published together with the Hokhmat Shelomo of Solomon Kwetsch, his pupil; Tekhelet Mordekhai (1892), aggadic homilies and talmudic novellae, also containing a biography of the author; Mahashevet Mordekhai (1902), aggadic novellae to the Pentateuch; Sefer Maharam Banet (also called Divrei Mordekhai; 1906), novellae on aspects of the dietary laws with notes by the publisher Abraham Jungreisz.


Hebrew Description    

..ביאור רחב...על הל"ט אבות מלאכות השנויים במשנה >שבת דף ע"ב ע"א< על בוריין ועל שרשן...בש"ס ופוסקים. ושינוייהן בין שבת לי"ט [ליום טוב]... ונספח עמו כמה חילוקים בהלכה ותוספות. בסוגית עמוקות...אשר אזן וחבר אאמ"ו... מוהרר מרדכי בנעט זצלה"ה שהיה אב"ד ור"מ דק"ק נ"ש [ניקלשבורג] ומדינת מעהרין. סדרתיו...אני בנו יעקב אברהם המכונה אבריל... בשנת והשיב' ל'ב' א'ב'ו'ת' ע'ל' ב'נ'ים

דף [2]: הקדמה, מאת בן המחבר, המוציא לאור: "והדברים אשר הוספתי עשיתי לו מסגרת... למען יראה הרואה". הסכמה: ר' יעקב אורנשטיין, לבוב, ד טבת תקצ"ה.



EJ; Bibliography of the Hebrew Book 1470-1960 #000184310