Shitah Mekubbezet, R. Bezalel Ashkenazi, Vienna 1878
שיטה מקובצת כריתות - First Edition
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- Lot Number 51424
- Title (English) Shitah Mekubbezet
- Title (Hebrew) שיטה מקובצת כריתות
- Note First Edition
- Author R. Bezalel Ashkenazi
- City Vienna
- Publisher Josef Schlesinger
- Publication Date 1878
- Estimated Price - Low 200
- Estimated Price - High 500
- Item # 1937641
- End Date
- Start Date
R. Ashkenazi occupied himself a great deal with copying and editing old manuscripts, even hiring scribes to help him. He copied the novellae of the geonim and rishonim on the Babylonian Talmud, and these served as the basis for his classic Asefat Zekenim, better known as the Shitah Mekubbezet. Through this collection, much of the commentaries and responsa of R. Gershom b. Judah, R. Hananel, R. Joseph ibn Migash, R. Meir ha-Levi Abulafia, and others, was preserved. The book in its different parts has been republished many times, and it serves as a supplement to the tosafot, and the other classical rishonim.
Much of the Shitah Mekubbezet is still in manuscript. Part of it has been lost, but is occasionally referred to in books by other authors. All of the available material on some tractates has been published; but only selections of others. The following commentaries under the title Shitah Mekubbezet have been published: Berakhot, the collection in Berakhah Meshulleshet (Warsaw, 1863), incorrectly attributed to R. Ashkenazi, and is most probably by R. Yom Tov b. Abraham Ishbili; Bezah, the collection attributed to R. Ashkenazi at the end of Nahalah li-Yhoshu'a (Constantinople, 1731), of R. Joshua Soncino may be by a disciple of R. Nissim Gerondi; Ketubbot (Constantinople, 1738); it is doubtful whether Nedarim (Berlin, 1860) and Nazir (Leghorn, 1774) are by R. Ashkenazi; Sotah (Leghorn, 1800) is contained in Yagel Ya'akov of R. Jacob Faitusi; Bava Kamma (Venice, 1762); Bava Mezi'a' (Amsterdam, 1721); Bava Batra (Leghorn, 1774) up to page 133. The remainder was published under the title of Shi'urei Shitah Mekubbezet in the Yad Ramah (Salonika, 1790) of R. Meir ha-Levi Abulafia; Sanhedrin, sections in Sha'ar ha-Melekh (Salonika, 1771) of R. Isaac Nunes Belmonte and in Hamra ve-Hayyei (Leghorn, 1802) of R. Hayyim Benveniste; Zevahim Bekhorot, Menahot, and most of Seder Kedoshim in the Romm Talmud edition (first published in Mizbah Kapparah by R. Jacob Faitusi (Leghorn, 1810) and other books). The Shitah to the smaller tractates of Seder Kedoshim is very much abbreviated.
R. Ashkenazi published glosses on the text of the Mishnah and the commentaries on the Mishnah of R. Samson of Sens and of Maimonides. His glosses on R. Samson's commentary on Pe'ah and Demai were published by J. L. Maimon (Sinai Jubilee Volume (1958), 102–25), as were his glosses to Maimonides' commentary on the Mishnah of Zevahim and Menahot in the same author's Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon (1960), 251–90. Ashkenazi also annotated the Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmuds, his glosses on Yoma being published by Aaron Jellinek in Kunteres ha-Mazkir (1877), 20–26. Derekh Tamim, glosses on the works of Isaac Alfasi and R. Nissim Girondi were published in Tummat Yesharim (Venice, 1622) of Benjamin Motal. His glosses on Books 9–13 of Maimonides' Mishneh Torah are in the library of the Jewish Theological Seminary (Ms. 825) in New York. R. Ashkenazi compiled Kelalei ha-Talmud, general rules of talmudic methodology excerpted from the geonim and rishonim (published by A. Marx in Festschrift D. Hoffmann (1914), Hebrew section 179–217). He also wrote responsa (Venice, 1595) and composed sermons and poems.
ReferencesBE shin 785; EJ; Bibliography of the Hebrew Book 1470-1960 #000112199