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Bet Hillel, R. Hillel b. Naphtali Zevi, Dyhernfurth 1691

בית הילל, מיורה דעה; אבן העזר - Only Edition

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  • Lot Number 52635
  • Title (English) Bet Hillel, Yoreh De'ah & Even Ezer
  • Title (Hebrew) בית הילל, מיורה דעה; אבן העזר
  • Note Only Edition
  • Author R. Hillel b. Naphtali Zevi
  • City Dyhernfurth
  • Publisher Sabbatai Meshorer Bass
  • Publication Date 1691
  • Estimated Price - Low 500
  • Estimated Price - High 1,000

  • Item # 2214419
  • End Date
  • Start Date

Physical Description:

Only edition. [1], 134; [1], 49 ff, folio, 305:190 mm., two titles, wide margins, light age and damp staining, old hands several ff. A very good copy bound in contemporary  boards, rubbed.


Detailed Description:   

R. Hillel b. Naphtali Zevi (Herz; 1615–1690), was apparently born in Brest-Litovsk, where he was a pupil of the rabbi R. Hirsch Darshan and, perhaps, of R. Heshel b. Jacob. In 1650/51 he was appointed a member of the bet din of R. Moses b. Isaac Judah Lima in Vilna and was one of the signatories to a halakhic decision to the effect that a woman could not be deprived of her right to oppose divorce against her will. He remained in Vilna until 1666, and after serving in various Lithuanian towns, the last of which was Keidany, he was appointed rabbi of Altona-Hamburg in 1670. Shortly after his arrival the joint communities of Altona, Hamburg, and Wandsbeck, following a schism which had taken place, again united. One of the conditions of unification was that there be one rabbinate for the three communities, and R. Hillel served in this office from 1671. Various communal takkanot were enacted for the united communities during his period of office. In 1680 he returned to Poland and was appointed rabbi of Zolkiew, where he remained for the rest of his life. R. Hillel was active in the Councils of the Lands in Jaroslaw, taking part in various consultations of the Council in 1684, as well as in the formulation of takkanot in halakhic matters and in the life of the Jews of Poland.

In his old age, R. Hillel requested his son Moses - who was av bet din and preacher in Vilna and later av bet din of Kepno - to arrange his novellae on the four parts of the Shulhan Arukh, and in his will bequeathed his estate to that purpose. His son, however, succeeded in publishing only the novellae to Yoreh De'ah and Even ha-Ezer, under the title Bet Hillel (Dyhernfurth, 1691) with the approbation of the Council of Jaroslaw. He omitted from his father's work, however, halakhic rulings in which his father had been anticipated by earlier scholars and added his own glosses. R. Hillel's novellae to the other parts of the Shulhan Arukh have remained in manuscript, as has a homiletical and kabbalistic commentary to the Pentateuch. His importance as a halakhist is reflected in R. Jacob Emden's designation of him as "the pious rabbi and halakhic authority, Bet Hillel."


Hebrew Description:

על שלחן ערוך מיורה דעה (ומאבן העזר), אשר איזן ותקן וחקר... דברי הש"ע... לפרש ולישר ... ר' הילל ז"ל בהמונח[!] כהר"ר נפתלי הירץ ז"ל, בהמרומם ... ר' שמואל ז"ל ה"ה המרגלא בפומי דאינשי ר' שמואל ר' משה ר' היללש מק"ק בריסק דליטא. וה"ה מיקירי דק"ק ווילנא. אשר אור תורתו היה מאיר... במדינות ליטא בכמה קהלות... ובמדינות אשכנז... ק"ק אלטונא והמבורג... ובסוף ימיו בגליל לבוב... עיר המלוכה ק"ק זאלקווי... והנה קם בנו... להביא את ספר... הזה לבית הדפוס... והוסיף מדילי' איזה דברים... ה"ה האברך... ר' משה נר"ו אב"ד ... קעמפנא לע"ע... [חלק א-ב].

הסכמות "מהגאונים... דארבעה ארצות דמדינות פולין": ר' פנחס משה מלבוב, ר' אריה יהודא מלאדמר, ר' שאול קצנאלינבוגין "מבורר מק"ק קראקא", ר' נפתלי הכהן מפוזנן ור' יואל היילפרין מלויצק, יערסלב, ג תשרי תנ"א. - [חלק א] [חלק א]: על שלחן ערוך מיורה דעה. [1], קלד דף. דף א-ב: הקדמת בן המחבר, ר' משה "מיקירי ווילנא חתן... מוהר"ר שלמה זלמן נר"ו בן... מהר"ר ישראל ז"ל בן... מהר"ר מאיר וואלש אב"ד ור"מ דק"ק בריסק דליטא". [חלק ב]: על שלחן ערוך מאבן העזר. [1], מט דף. מעבר לשער הקדמת ר' משה, המספר שהמחבר "לא הספיק... לגמור הדבר, רק עד סימן סא סעיף ד" ושהוא הוסיף הערות המחבר שמצא על גליון השולחן הערוך שלו מסי' סא,ו ואילך.



Bibliography of the Hebrew Book 1470-1960 #0162032; EJ; I. Markon, in: Studies... A. S. Freidus (1929), 373–6; Halpern, Pinkas, 201, 219, 470; I. Wolfsberg, in: Arim ve-Immahot be-Yisrael, 2 (1948), 8, 24