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Enei ha-Kohen, R. Abraham ha-Kohen Izhaki, Livorno 1865

עיני הכהן - Only Edition

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  • Lot Number 53455
  • Title (English) Enei ha-Kohen
  • Title (Hebrew) עיני הכהן
  • Note Only Edition
  • Author R. Abraham ha-Kohen Izhaki
  • City Livorno
  • Publisher אליהו בן אמוזג וחבריו
  • Publication Date 1865
  • Estimated Price - Low 200
  • Estimated Price - High 500

  • Item # 2396209
  • End Date
  • Start Date
Physical Description
Only edition. [2], 156 ff. octavo 158:98 mm., nice margins, light age staining. A very good copy bound in modern half cloth boards.

Detailed Description   

Only edition of this work on shehitah and dietary laws by R. Abraham ben Isaac Hai ha-Kohen Izhaki (d. 1864) Chief Rabbi of Tunis. The title page states that it is “the rear guard of all the camps” (Numbers 10:25), that is, it is the halakhot collected here are from all the works of the rishonim (early sages) and aharonim (later sages), “new and old” (Song of Songs 7:14). It then enumerates several other works by R. Yitzhaki, namely Mishmerot kehunah ( novellae on the Talmud), Shulḥano shel Avraham (responsa), and R. Yitzhaki expresses his gratitude to R. Solomon and R. Nathan Shemama who helped finance publication and several others. Next is an index organized about the parts of the animal and the text of this detailed work on shehitah and related dietary laws.

The act of slaughtering proper consists in cutting through the windpipe and the gullet in mammals, or either of these in birds. If the greater part of both these organs is cut through (or, in birds, the greater part of either), the animal is considered ritually slaughtered (Ḥul. 27a). The veins along both sides of the neck of a bird must be pierced at the time of slaughtering (ib.; Yoreh De'ah, 21, 22). The many details of sheḥiṭah were summarized by the Rabbis under the following five laws, which were supposed by them to have been delivered by God to Moses (Ḥul. 9b): (1) "Shehiyah" (delay). There should be no delay or interruption while the slaughtering is being performed. The knife should be kept in continuous motion, forward and backward, until the organs are cut through. A delay of even one moment makes the animal unfit for food ("nebelah"; Yoreh De'ah, 23). (2) "Derasah" (pressing). The knife must be drawn gently across the throat, without any undue exertion on the part of the shoḥeṭ. It is therefore forbidden to lay one's finger on the blade while slaughtering, as the least pressure renders the animal unfit for food (ib. 24, 1-6). (3) "Ḥaladah" (digging). The knife must be drawn over the throat. If it is placed between the windpipe and the gullet, or under the skin, or under a cloth hung over the neck of the animal, so that any part of the knife is not visible while sheḥiṭah is being performed, although the slaughtering is otherwise correctly executed, the animal is unfit for food (ib. 24, 7-11). (4) "Hagramah" (slipping). The limits within which the knife may be inserted are from the large ring in the windpipe to the top of the upper lobe of the lungs when inflated, and the corresponding length of the pharynx (ib. 20). Slaughtering by the insertion of the knife in any part above or below these limits is called "hagramah," and renders the animal unfit for food (ib. 24, 12-14). (5) "'Ikkur" (tearing). If either the windpipe or the gullet is torn out or removed from its regular position during the slaughtering, the animal becomes unfit for food. If this has happened while the animal was yet alive, the latter is not regarded as "nebelah," and its eggs or milk may be used for food; but the animal itself can not become ritually fit for food through slaughtering (ib. 24, 15-20). Soon after shehitah the shohet must examine the throat of the animal and ascertain whether the wind-pipe and the gullet are cut through according to the requirements of the Law (Ḥul. 9a; Yoreh De'ah, 25). In the case of birds and of permitted wild beasts, some of the blood shed in the course of sheḥiṭah must be covered with earth or ashes (Lev. xvii. 13), the following benediction being first pronounced: "Blessed art Thou . . . who sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us to cover blood with earth" (Ḥul. vi; Yoreh De'ah, 28).


Hebrew Description  

... בנוי לטרפ'יות, מאסף לכל המחנות מספרי ראשונים ואחרונים... לאסוקי שמעתתא, אליבא דהלכתא... מעשה... ר' אברהם הכהן יצחקי זיע"א...



BE ayin 545; JE; Bibliography of the Hebrew Book 1470-1960 #000302305