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Adi 25 Maggio 1761, Verona 1761

נוסח החרם חמור - Community

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  • Lot Number 54190
  • Title (English) Adi 25 Maggio 1761 Verona
  • Title (Hebrew) נוסח החרם חמור
  • Author Jewish Community
  • City Verona
  • Publication Date 1761
  • Estimated Price - Low 1,000
  • Estimated Price - High 2,000

  • Item # 2550912
  • End Date
  • Start Date

Physical Description

Broadside, large folio, 435:335 mm., light staining, creased on folds.


Detail Description

Announcing regulations concerning taxes imposed on Jews by the Jewish community in order to meet the community’s financial obligations to the state. It includes an oath in Hebrew by the community leaders excommunicating all who disobey and blessing all that follow the aforesaid.

The Jewish community of Verona began to organize its financial obligations towards the Duchy of the Principality through the levying of internal taxes from the beginning of the 16th century. Tax regulations were published until the end of the 18th century and chart the economic changes of Verona Jewry and the kinds of property and income that were taxable. It is striking that the Statutes are enforced by the threat of excommunication against those not contributing their dues. Also of note is the active involvement of the Community rabbis in upholding the tax structure. Text in Italian and Hebrew.

Hebrew Description

דף גדול מודפס: "נוסח החרם חמור" – נוסח החרם שהוכרז בקהילה היהודית בורונה, ותקנות באיטלקית, מטעם השלטונות הנוצריים. ורונה, [תקכ"א] 1761. עברית ואיטלקית.

הדף שלפנינו כולל את נוסח החרם החריף (בעברית) שהוטל על הקהילה היהודית בורונה, בנוסף לתקנות מטעם השלטונות הקתוליים שנדפסו באיטלקית. החרם החמור שהוטל נועד להרתיע אנשים מלעבור על תקנות הכנסיה, שכללו הגבלות שונות על חופש המסחר של יהודי העיר.

בחלקו התחתון של הדף חתומים (בדפוס) באיטלקית, שלושה מנציגי הכנסיה.